ASTM D5184 - 12

    Standard Test Methods for Determination of Aluminum and Silicon in Fuel Oils by Ashing, Fusion, Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry, and Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

    Active Standard ASTM D5184 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.02


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Catalyst fines in fuel oils can cause abnormal engine wear. These test methods provide a means of determining silicon and aluminum, the major constituents of the catalysts.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover the determination of aluminum and silicon in fuel oils at concentrations between 5 and 150 mg/kg for aluminum and 10 and 250 mg/kg for silicon.

    1.2 Test Method A—Inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry is used in this test method to quantitatively determine aluminum and silicon.

    1.3 Test Method B—Flame atomic absorption spectrometry is used in this test method to quantitatively determine aluminum and silicon.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific warning statements are given in Sections 7.6, 10.1, and 11.5.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance

    D6792 Practice for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories

    D7260 Practice for Optimization, Calibration, and Validation of Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants

    D7740 Practice for Optimization, Calibration, and Validation of Atomic Absorption Spectrometry for Metal Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants

    E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15101700(Fuel Oils)


    DOI: 10.1520/D5184-12

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