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Significance and Use
The microactivity test provides data to assess the relative performance of FCC catalysts. Because results are affected by catalyst pretreatment, feedstock characteristics, test equipment, and operating parameters, adherence to this test method is a prerequisite for correct interpretation of results. Apparatus, test conditions, and analytical procedures actually used should closely resemble those described in this test method. Significant variations in apparatus, test conditions and/or analytical procedures may result in activity and selectivity data which do not correlate with data developed by other laboratories on identical catalyst/feedstock samples.
The standard method reaction temperature is 960°F (516°C). Other reaction temperatures can be used; however, catalyst selectivity data developed at temperatures other than 960°F (516°C) may not correlate with selectivity data developed at 960°F (516°C). Also, precision at other reaction temperatures may change compared to data obtained at 960°F (516°C).
1.1 This test method covers determining the activity and selectivity of either equilibrium or laboratory deactivated fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) catalysts. The activity is evaluated on the basis of mass percent conversion of gas oil in a microactivity unit. The selectivities are evaluated on the basis of mass percent yields of specifically defined products resulting from the catalytic cracking of gas oil.
1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.2.1 Exception—SI units have been retained in some of the figures.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D2887 Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
D3907 Test Method for Testing Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) Catalysts by Microactivity Test
D4463 Guide for Metals Free Steam Deactivation of Fresh Fluid Cracking Catalysts
E105 Practice for Probability Sampling of Materials
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method