ASTM D5146 - 10

    Standard Guide to Testing Solvent-Borne Architectural Coatings

    Active Standard ASTM D5146 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.42

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.02


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    ASTM D5146

    Abstract

    This guide covers the selection and use of procedures for testing solvent-borne architectural coatings to be used on exterior, interior, or both types of surfaces. The properties that can be examined by the test methods listed herein are as follows: liquid paint properties (skinning, condition in container, coarse particles and foreign matter, density or weight per gallon, fineness of dispersion, flash point, odor, absorption, colorant acceptance, dilution stability, package stability, heat stability, and settling); coating application and film formation characteristics (brush application properties, brush drag, roller application properties, roller spatter, spray application properties, touch-up uniformity, consistency (low-shear viscosity), rheological properties of non-Newtonian liquids, sag resistance, levelling properties, and drying properties); appearance of dry film (color appearance, color differences by visual comparison, color differences using instrumental measurements, directional reflectance, gloss, sheen, hiding power, and yellowness index); properties of dry film (abrasion resistance, adhesion, flexibility, resistance to household chemicals, color change of white enamels, washability and cleansability, blister resistance, exposure resistance, chalking, checking, cracking, erosion, flaking, mildew resistance, and fume resistance); and Coating Analysis (chemical analysis, volatile content, nonvolatile volume content, water content, pigment content, pigment analysis, nonvolatile vehicle content, vehicle separation, and nonvolatile vehicle identification).

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide covers the selection and use of procedures for testing solvent-borne coatings to be used on exterior, interior or both types of surfaces (see Note 1). The properties that can be examined or, in some cases, the relevant test procedures are listed in Table 1 and Table 2.

    Note 1—The term architectural coating as used here combines the definition in Terminology D16 with that in the FSCT Paint/Coatings Dictionary, as follows: Organic coatings intended for on-site application to interior or exterior surfaces of residential, commercial, institutional, or industrial buildings, in contrast to industrial coatings. They are protective and decorative finishes applied at ambient temperatures. Often called Trade Sales Coatings.

    Note 2—Architectural coatings that are designed to give better performance than most conventional coatings because they are tougher and more stain- and abrasion-resistant are covered by Guide D3730.

    1.2 The types of organic coatings covered by this guide are as follows:

    (1) Type 1 Interior Low-Gloss Wall Finish,

    (2) Type 2 Interior Gloss and Semigloss Wall and Trim Enamels,

    (3) Type 3 Exterior House and Trim Coatings, and

    (4) Type 4 Floor Enamel, Exterior and/or Interior.

    1.2.1 Each is intended for application by brushing, rolling, spraying, or other means to the materials appropriate for its type, which may include wood, plaster, wallboard, masonry, steel, previously painted surfaces, and other architectural substrates.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D16 Terminology for Paint, Related Coatings, Materials, and Applications

    D56 Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester

    D93 Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    D154 Guide for Testing Varnishes

    D185 Test Methods for Coarse Particles in Pigments

    D215 Practice for the Chemical Analysis of White Linseed Oil Paints

    D344 Test Method for Relative Hiding Power of Paints by the Visual Evaluation of Brushouts

    D358 Specification for Wood to Be Used as Panels in Weathering Tests of Coatings

    D522 Test Methods for Mandrel Bend Test of Attached Organic Coatings

    D523 Test Method for Specular Gloss

    D562 Test Method for Consistency of Paints Measuring Krebs Unit (KU) Viscosity Using a Stormer-Type Viscometer

    D660 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Checking of Exterior Paints

    D661 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Cracking of Exterior Paints

    D662 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Erosion of Exterior Paints

    D772 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Flaking (Scaling) of Exterior Paints

    D869 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Settling of Paint

    D968 Test Methods for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by Falling Abrasive

    D1006 Practice for Conducting Exterior Exposure Tests of Paints on Wood

    D1014 Practice for Conducting Exterior Exposure Tests of Paints and Coatings on Metal Substrates

    D1038 Terminology Relating to Veneer and Plywood

    D1208 Test Methods for Common Properties of Certain Pigments

    D1210 Test Method for Fineness of Dispersion of Pigment-Vehicle Systems by Hegman-Type Gage

    D1296 Test Method for Odor of Volatile Solvents and Diluents

    D1308 Test Method for Effect of Household Chemicals on Clear and Pigmented Organic Finishes

    D1475 Test Method For Density of Liquid Coatings, Inks, and Related Products

    D1554 Terminology Relating to Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials

    D1640 Test Methods for Drying, Curing, or Film Formation of Organic Coatings at Room Temperature

    D1729 Practice for Visual Appraisal of Colors and Color Differences of Diffusely-Illuminated Opaque Materials

    D1849 Test Method for Package Stability of Paint

    D2196 Test Methods for Rheological Properties of Non-Newtonian Materials by Rotational (Brookfield type) Viscometer

    D2197 Test Method for Adhesion of Organic Coatings by Scrape Adhesion

    D2244 Practice for Calculation of Color Tolerances and Color Differences from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates

    D2245 Test Method for Identification of Oils and Oil Acids in Solvent-Reducible Paints

    D2369 Test Method for Volatile Content of Coatings

    D2370 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Organic Coatings

    D2371 Test Method for Pigment Content of Solvent-Reducible Paints

    D2372 Practice for Separation of Vehicle From Solvent-Reducible Paints

    D2486 Test Methods for Scrub Resistance of Wall Paints

    D2621 Test Method for Infrared Identification of Vehicle Solids From Solvent-Reducible Paints

    D2697 Test Method for Volume Nonvolatile Matter in Clear or Pigmented Coatings

    D2805 Test Method for Hiding Power of Paints by Reflectometry

    D3273 Test Method for Resistance to Growth of Mold on the Surface of Interior Coatings in an Environmental Chamber

    D3278 Test Methods for Flash Point of Liquids by Small Scale Closed-Cup Apparatus

    D3359 Test Methods for Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test

    D3450 Test Method for Washability Properties of Interior Architectural Coatings

    D3456 Practice for Determining by Exterior Exposure Tests the Susceptibility of Paint Films to Microbiological Attack

    D3730 Guide for Testing High-Performance Interior Architectural Wall Coatings

    D3792 Test Method for Water Content of Coatings by Direct Injection Into a Gas Chromatograph

    D3925 Practice for Sampling Liquid Paints and Related Pigmented Coatings

    D3928 Test Method for Evaluation of Gloss or Sheen Uniformity

    D3960 Practice for Determining Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Content of Paints and Related Coatings

    D4017 Test Method for Water in Paints and Paint Materials by Karl Fischer Method

    D4060 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by the Taber Abraser

    D4062 Test Method for Leveling of Paints by Draw-Down Method

    D4213 Test Method for Scrub Resistance of Paints by Abrasion Weight Loss

    D4214 Test Methods for Evaluating the Degree of Chalking of Exterior Paint Films

    D4287 Test Method for High-Shear Viscosity Using a Cone/Plate Viscometer

    D4400 Test Method for Sag Resistance of Paints Using a Multinotch Applicator

    D4585 Practice for Testing Water Resistance of Coatings Using Controlled Condensation

    D4707 Test Method for Measuring Paint Spatter Resistance During Roller Application

    D4828 Test Methods for Practical Washability of Organic Coatings

    D4946 Test Method for Blocking Resistance of Architectural Paints

    D4958 Test Method for Comparison of the Brush Drag of Latex Paints

    D5068 Practice for Preparation of Paint Brushes for Evaluation

    D5069 Practice for Preparation of Paint-Roller Covers for Evaluation of Architectural Coatings

    D5179 Test Method for Measuring Adhesion of Organic Coatings to Plastic Substrates by Direct Tensile Testing

    D5895 Test Methods for Evaluating Drying or Curing During Film Formation of Organic Coatings Using Mechanical Recorders

    D6037 Test Methods for Dry Abrasion Mar Resistance of High Gloss Coatings

    D6093 Test Method for Percent Volume Nonvolatile Matter in Clear or Pigmented Coatings Using a Helium Gas Pycnometer

    D6686 Test Method for Evaluation of Tannin Stain Resistance of Coatings

    D7489 Practice for Evaluating Touch-Up Properties of Architectural Coatings under Various Environmental Conditions

    D7514 Test Method for Evaluating Ink Stainblocking of Architectural Paint Systems by Visual Assessment

    E105 Practice for Probability Sampling of Materials

    E313 Practice for Calculating Yellowness and Whiteness Indices from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates

    E1347 Test Method for Color and Color-Difference Measurement by Tristimulus Colorimetry

    U.S. Federal Standard

    6132 Accelerated Yellowness

    Other Document

    Paint/CoatingsDictio of the Federation of Societies for Coatings Technology Available from Federation of Societies for Coatings Technology (FSCT), 492 Norristown Rd., Blue Bell, PA 19422-2350, http://www.coatingstech.org.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 87.040 (Paints and varnishes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 46181533(Protective coats)


    DOI: 10.1520/D5146-10

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