ASTM D5144 - 08e1

    Standard Guide for Use of Protective Coating Standards in Nuclear Power Plants

    Active Standard ASTM D5144 | Developed by Subcommittee: D33.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.02


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    Significance and Use

    This guide addresses the concerns of Regulation Guide 1.54 and USNRC Standard Review Plan 6.1.2, and the replacement of ANSI Standards N5.12, N101.2, and N101.4. This guide covers coating work on previously coated surfaces as well as bare substrates. This guide applies to all coating work in Coating Service Level I and III areas (that is, safety-related coating work). Applicable sections of this guide may also be used to evaluate and select protective coatings for Coating Service Level II areas where deemed appropriate by the licensee.

    The testing referenced in this guide is particularly appropriate for safety-related coatings inside the reactor-containment. Other test methods may be used for assessing the suitability for service of safety-related coatings outside the reactor-containment. Criteria for qualification and performance monitoring of Coating Service Level III coatings shall be addressed in job specifications. Guidance for selecting and performance monitoring of Coating Service Level III coatings is provided Guides D 7230 and D 7167 respectively, and Sections 4.4 and 4.5 of EPRI 1003102 (formerly TR-109937).

    Users of this guide must ensure that coatings work complies not only with this guide, but also with the licensee's plant-specific quality assurance program and licensing commitments.

    Safety-Related Coatings:

    The qualification of coatings for Coating Service Levels I and III are different even though they are both safety-related. This guide provides the minimum requirements for qualifying Coating Service Level I coatings and also provides guidance for additional qualification tests that may be used to evaluate Coating Service Level I coatings. This guide also provides guidance concerning selection of Coating Service Level III coatings.

    Coating Service Level I Coatings:

    All Coating Service Level I coatings must be resistant to the effects of radiation and must be DBA qualified. The test specimens shall be prepared, irradiated and DBA tested and evaluated in accordance with the requirements of:

    (a) Test Method D 3911 or plant specific requirements as applicable,

    (b) Test Method D 4082, and

    (c) Specification D 5139.

    In addition to the requirements of 4.4.2.1, Coating Service Level I coatings may be evaluated for additional qualities or may require application controls when deemed applicable by the job specifications or licensing commitments. The following documents provide guidance for application, possible additional testing or for the further evaluation of Coating Service Level I coatings when applicable:

    (a) Test Method C 177,

    (b) Practice D 3843,

    (c) Test Method D 3912,

    (d) Test Method D 4060,

    (e) Practice D 4227,

    (f) Practice D 4228,

    (g) Guide D 4537,

    (h) Test Method D 4541,

    (i) Test Method E 84,

    (j) Test Method E 1461, and

    (k) Test Method E 1530.

    Condition assessment and management of Coating Service Level I coatings is also required by the licensee to maintain the coatings following the initial application and subsequent repairs. The following documents provide guidance for the monitoring and management of the Coating Service Level I coatings:

    (a) Guide D 5163 and

    (b) Guide D 7491.

    Coating Service Level III Coatings:

    Coating Service Level III coatings must be evaluated for use in accordance with the requirements of plant licensing commitments and the job specifications. Coating Service Level III coatings may include linings used in areas such as service water systems, essential cooling water heat exchanger heads and emergency diesel generator air intakes. There are no specific testing or qualification requirements included in this guide for Coating Service Level III coatings or linings. Testing and evaluation of Coating Service Level III coatings should be conducted as necessary to ensure that the coatings are suitable for the specific service environment. The following documents provide guidance for testing and inspection, which the licensee may consider when preparing job specifications for Coating Service Level III coatings or linings:

    (a) Test Method D 4541,

    (b) Guide D 7167,

    (c) Guide D 7230,

    (d) EPRI 1003102 (formerly TR-109937), Sections 4.4 and 4.5,

    (e) 10CFR50.65, and

    (f) 10CFR50. Appendix B.

    Coatings Service Level II Coatings:

    Coating Service Level II coatings are not safety-related and are restricted to the radiation controlled area (RCA) outside of the reactor-containment in nuclear power plants. There are no specific testing or qualification requirements included in this guide for Coating Service Level II coatings. The following documents provide guidance for testing and inspection, which the licensee may consider when evaluating or specifying Coating Service Level II coatings:

    (a) Test Method D 3912,

    (b) Test Method D 4060,

    (c) Test Method D 4082,

    (d) Test Method D 4541,

    (e) Specification D 5139,

    (f) Test Method E 84, and

    (g) USNRC Regulatory Guide 8.8.

    Some nuclear power plant licenses may include requirements for Coating Service Level II coatings; these requirements must be satisfied when selecting Coating Service Level II coating materials and systems.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide provides a common basis on which protective coatings for the surfaces of nuclear power generating facilities may be qualified and selected by reproducible evaluation tests. This guide also provides guidance for application and maintenance of protective coatings. Under the environmental operating and accident conditions of nuclear power generation facilities, encompassing pressurized water reactors (PWRs) and boiling water reactors (BWRs), coating performance may be affected by exposure to any one, all, or a combination of the following conditions: ionizing radiation; contamination by radioactive nuclides and subsequent decontamination processes; chemical and water sprays; high-temperature high-pressure steam; and abrasion or wear.

    1.2 The content of this guide includes:

    Section
    Referenced Documents2
    Terminology3
    Significance and Use4
    Coating Material   Testing5
    Thermal Conductivity5
    Surface Preparation, Coating Application, and Inspection for
    Shop and Field Work
    6
    Quality Assurance7
    Keywords8

    1.2.1 In addition, this guide addresses technical topics within ANSI N5.12 and ANSI N101.2 that are covered by separate ASTM standards, for example, surface preparation, (shop and field) and coating application, (shop and field).

    1.2.2 Applicable sections of this guide and specific acceptance criteria may be incorporated into specifications and other documents where appropriate.

    1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C177 Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus

    D3843 Practice for Quality Assurance for Protective Coatings Applied to Nuclear Facilities

    D3911 Test Method for Evaluating Coatings Used in Light-Water Nuclear Power Plants at Simulated Design Basis Accident (DBA) Conditions

    D3912 Test Method for Chemical Resistance of Coatings and Linings for Use in Nuclear Power Plants

    D4060 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by the Taber Abraser

    D4082 Test Method for Effects of Gamma Radiation on Coatings for Use in Nuclear Power Plants

    D4227 Practice for Qualification of Coating Applicators for Application of Coatings to Concrete Surfaces

    D4228 Practice for Qualification of Coating Applicators for Application of Coatings to Steel Surfaces

    D4537 Guide for Establishing Procedures to Qualify and Certify Personnel Performing Coating and Lining Work Inspection in Nuclear Facilities

    D4538 Terminology Relating to Protective Coating and Lining Work for Power Generation Facilities

    D4541 Test Method for Pull-Off Strength of Coatings Using Portable Adhesion Testers

    D5139 Specification for Sample Preparation for Qualification Testing of Coatings to be Used in Nuclear Power Plants

    D5163 Guide for Establishing a Program for Condition Assessment of Coating Service Level I Coating Systems in Nuclear Power Plants

    D7167 Guide for Establishing Procedures to Monitor the Performance of Safety-Related Coating Service Level III Lining Systems in an Operating Nuclear Power Plant

    D7230 Guide for Evaluating Polymeric Lining Systems for Water Immersion in Coating Service Level III Safety-Related Applications on Metal Substrates

    D7234 Test Method for Pull-Off Adhesion Strength of Coatings on Concrete Using Portable Pull-Off Adhesion Testers

    D7491 Guide for Management of Non-Conforming Coatings in Coating Service Level I Areas of Nuclear Power Plants

    E84 Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials

    E684 Practice for Approximate Determination of Current Density of Large-Diameter Ion Beams for Sputter Depth Profiling of Solid Surfaces

    E1461 Test Method for Thermal Diffusivity by the Flash Method

    E1530 Test Method for Evaluating the Resistance to Thermal Transmission of Materials by the Guarded Heat Flow Meter Technique


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 27.120.10 (Reactor engineering)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 26142106(Nuclear reactor control rod systems); 46181533(Protective coats)


    DOI: 10.1520/D5144-08E01

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