Significance and Use
A knowledge of the hydrocarbon components comprising a petroleum naphtha, reformate, or alkylate is useful in valuation of crude oils, in alkylation and reforming process control, in product quality assessment, and for regulatory purposes. Detailed hydrocarbon composition is also used as input in the mathematical modeling of refinery processes.
Separation of naphtha components by the procedure described in this test method can result in some peaks that represent coeluting compounds. This test method cannot attribute relative concentrations to the coelutants. In the absence of supporting information, use of the results of this test method for purposes which require such attribution is not recommended.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of hydrocarbon components of petroleum naphthas as enumerated in Table 1. Components eluting after n-nonane (bp 150.8°C) are determined as a single group.
1.2 This test method is applicable to olefin-free (<2 % olefins by liquid volume) liquid hydrocarbon mixtures including virgin naphthas, reformates, and alkylates. Olefin content can be determined by Test Method D 1319. The hydrocarbon mixture must have a 98 % point of 250°C or less as determined by Test Method D 3710.
1.3 Components that are present at the 0.05 mass % level or greater can be determined.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific warning statements are given in Section 7.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1319 Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
D3700 Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder
D3710 Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Gasoline and Gasoline Fractions by Gas Chromatography
D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
alkylate; capillary gas chromatography; hydrocarbon composition; petroleum naphtha; reformate; Alkylates; Automated procedures--petroleum products analysis; Capillary gas chromatography; Composition analysis--petroleum products; Crude petroleum products; Gas chromatography (GC)--petroleum products; Hydrocarbons; Kovats index; Linear retention index; Naphtha and naphtha derivatives; n-Nonane; Petroleum naphtha; Reformate; Split injection linearity
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Citing ASTM Standards
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