ASTM D511 - 09

    Standard Test Methods for Calcium and Magnesium In Water

    Active Standard ASTM D511 | Developed by Subcommittee: D19.05

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.01


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    Significance and Use

    Calcium and magnesium salts in water are the primary components of water hardness which can cause pipe or tube scaling.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover the determination of calcium and magnesium in water by complexometric titration and atomic absorption spectrometric procedures. Two test methods are included, as follows:

    Sections
    Test Method AComplexometric Titration 7 to 14
    Test Method BAtomic Absorption Spectrometric15 to 23

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazard statements are given in 12.2.6 and 20.6.

    7.1 This test method is applicable to most waters in a range from 1 to 1000 mg/L of calcium plus magnesium expressed as calcium, but may fail in the analysis of highly colored waters, brines, or waters that contain excessive amounts of metals. The upper and lower limits may be extended by either dilution or use of micro apparatus.

    7.2 Data are not available to determine which matrices were used to obtain the precision and bias data, and it is the responsibility of the analyst to determine the acceptability of this test method for the matrix being analyzed.

    16.1 This test method can be used to determine the concentration of calcium and magnesium in water. The determination of these ions in brackish water, sea water, and brines requires the use of the method of additions described in Section 22.

    16.2 This test method is applicable for calcium concentrations in the range from 1.0 to 15 mg/L and magnesium concentrations from 0.25 to 3.5 mg/L. The upper limits can be increased to 1500 mg/L calcium and 350 mg/L magnesium by proper single dilution technique. Serial dilution technique should be used to further extend the limit.

    16.3 The precision and bias were obtained on reagent water (1 % HCl). It is the responsibility of the analyst to determine the acceptability of this test method when analyzing untested matrices.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1129 Terminology Relating to Water

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D2777 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water

    D3370 Practices for Sampling Water from Closed Conduits

    D4691 Practice for Measuring Elements in Water by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry

    D4841 Practice for Estimation of Holding Time for Water Samples Containing Organic and Inorganic Constituents

    D5810 Guide for Spiking into Aqueous Samples

    D5847 Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Water Analysis


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.060.50 (Examination of water for chemical substances)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D0511-09

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D511-09, Standard Test Methods for Calcium and Magnesium In Water, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2009, www.astm.org

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