ASTM D5108 - 90(2007)

    Standard Test Method for Organotin Release Rates of Antifouling Coating Systems in Sea Water

    Active Standard ASTM D5108 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.45

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.02


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    Significance and Use

    This test method is designed to provide a laboratory procedure to measure changes in the release rates of solvent soluble tin (tributyl- and triphenyltin) that occur during a period of immersion under specified conditions of constant temperature, pH, salinity, and low heavy-metal concentrations in the surrounding sea water. Quantitative measurement of the release rate is necessary to help in selection of materials, in providing quality assurance, and in understanding the performance mechanism.

    This test method serves only as a guide for organotin release rates in service. Organotin release rates of antifouling (AF) paint systems in service can vary over the life of the coating system depending on the formulation and the environment. Differences in berthing locations, operating schedules, length of service, condition of paint-film surface, temperature, pH, and salinity can affect results, Results obtained may not necessarily reflect actual tributyltin release rates that will occur in service, but provide reliable comparisons of the release rate characteristics of different antifouling formulations.

    This test method will serve to characterize the early release rate pattern, as well as estimate the steady state release, of tributyltin from both self-polishing copolymer and free-association antifouling paints.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the laboratory determination of the rate at which organotin expressed as tributyltin (TBT) is released from an antifouling (AF) coating in synthetic sea water using graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry (GF-AAS). This does not exclude the use of other analytical methodology for measurement of organotin in sea water such as gas chromatography.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The inch-pound units given in parentheses are for information only.

    This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 7.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1141 Practice for the Preparation of Substitute Ocean Water

    D1212 Test Methods for Measurement of Wet Film Thickness of Organic Coatings

    D4138 Practices for Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Protective Coating Systems by Destructive, Cross-Sectioning Means


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 87.040 (Paints and varnishes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31211520(Antifouling paint)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D5108-90R07

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D5108-90(2007), Standard Test Method for Organotin Release Rates of Antifouling Coating Systems in Sea Water, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2007, www.astm.org

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