Significance and Use
This test method is useful for the determination of the anions: chloride, nitrate, and sulfate in atmospheric wet deposition.
Fig. X1.1 in the appendix represents cumulative frequency percentile concentration plots of chloride, nitrate, and sulfate obtained from analyses of over 5000 wet deposition samples. These data may be used as an aid in the selection of appropriate calibration solutions. (3)
1.1 This test method is applicable to the determination of chloride, nitrate, and sulfate in atmospheric wet deposition (rain, snow, sleet, and hail) by chemically suppressed ion chromatography (1) . For additional applications refer to Test Method D 4327.
1.2 The concentration ranges for this test method are listed below. The range tested was confirmed using the interlaboratory collaborative test (see Table 1 for statistical summary of the collaborative test).
|MDL (mg/L) (2)||Range of|
| Nitrate||0.03|| 0.09–5.0|| 0.15–4.92|
| Sulfate|| 0.03|| 0.09–8.0|| 0.15–6.52|
1.3 The method detection limit (MDL) is based on single operator precision (2) and may be higher or lower for other operators and laboratories. The precision and bias data presented are insufficient to justify use at this low level, however, many workers have found that this test method is reliable at lower levels than those that were tested.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 9.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D1129 Terminology Relating to Water
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D1356 Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres
D2777 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water
D3670 Guide for Determination of Precision and Bias of Methods of Committee D22
D4210 Practice for Intralaboratory Quality Control Procedures and a Discussion on Reporting Low-Level Data
D4327 Test Method for Anions in Water by Suppressed Ion Chromatography
D5012 Guide for Preparation of Materials Used for the Collection and Preservation of Atmospheric Wet Deposition
E694 Specification for Laboratory Glass Volumetric Apparatus
atmospheric wet deposition samples; chloride; ion chromatography; nitrate; sulfate; Anions content; Atmospheric analysis; Chloride analysis--atmospheric; Hail; Ion chromatography (IC)--atmospheric analysis; Ion exchange chromatography; Method detection limit (MDL); Nitrate (ion) analysis; Rain; Sleet; Snow; Sulfate content;
ICS Number Code 07.060 (Geology. Meteorology. Hydrology); 71.040.40 (Chemical analysis)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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