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Significance and Use
This test method is intended for use by those in the waste management industries for the determination of apparent specific gravity and bulk density of waste.
The apparent specific gravity and bulk density determined by this test method can be used for the conversion of measured volumes to weights.
The apparent specific gravity and bulk density, when correlated with other properties, can be used to indicate the character of the waste.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of apparent specific gravity and bulk density in waste. For the purpose of this test method, materials to be measured will be classified into three groups:
1.1.1 Group A—Free-flowing liquids; apparent specific gravity (ASG),
1.1.2 Group B—Granules, powders and water reactive liquids, solids or sludges; bulk density (BD), and
1.1.3 Group C—Bulk solids (such as gravel, paper or wood, etc.); apparent specific gravity (ASG).
1.2 This test method is designed and intended as a preliminary test to complement the more sophisticated quantitative analytical techniques that may be used to determine specific gravity. This test method offers to the user the option and the ability to screen waste for apparent specific gravity or bulk density when the more sophisticated techniques are not available and the total waste composition is unknown.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For a specific hazard statement, see Section 9.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1192 Guide for Equipment for Sampling Water and Steam in Closed Conduits
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D3370 Practices for Sampling Water from Closed Conduits
D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D5681 Terminology for Waste and Waste Management
ICS Number Code 13.030.40 (Installations and equipment for waste disposal and treatment)
UNSPSC Code 77100000(Environmental management)
ASTM D5057-10, Standard Test Method for Screening Apparent Specific Gravity and Bulk Density of Waste, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2010, www.astm.orgBack to Top