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This specification covers the physical dimensions and characteristics of a laboratory burner used for small-scale burning tests on plastic materials, with the supply gases including methane, propane, and butane. The burner shall consist of a burner barrel that threads onto a one-piece base, which is equipped with an orifice and a needle valve that restricts the orifice opening and regulates the gas velocity through the burner, and a gas inlet, which consists of a serrated fitting for connection to the gas supply. A lock nut for securing the barrel onto the base may be provided optionally. The mixing tube of the barrel shall be manufactured with a uniform bore, and the barrel, threads, and serrated fitting shall be free of flash and burrs.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers the physical dimensions and characteristics of a laboratory burner to be used as an ignition source for small-scale burning tests on plastic materials. The burner is used with methane, propane, or butane supply gases for flame heights of 20 to 125 mm.
1.3 The burner described in this specification is suitable for use in the following ASTM standards: Specification C509, Test Method D229, Test Method D635, Test Method D876, Test Method D3014, Test Method D3801, Test Method D4804, Test Method D4986, and Test Method D5048. Safety hazards and known limitations on applicability of fire-test-response standards are addressed in the individual test methods.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C509 Specification for Elastomeric Cellular Preformed Gasket and Sealing Material
D229 Test Methods for Rigid Sheet and Plate Materials Used for Electrical Insulation
D635 Test Method for Rate of Burning and/or Extent and Time of Burning of Plastics in a Horizontal Position
D876 Test Methods for Nonrigid Vinyl Chloride Polymer Tubing Used for Electrical Insulation
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
D3014 Test Method for Flame Height, Time of Burning, and Loss of Mass of Rigid Thermoset Cellular Plastics in a Vertical Position
D3801 Test Method for Measuring the Comparative Burning Characteristics of Solid Plastics in a Vertical Position
D4804 Test Method for Determining the Flammability Characteristics of Nonrigid Solid Plastics
D4986 Test Method for Horizontal Burning Characteristics of Cellular Polymeric Materials
D5048 Test Method for Measuring the Comparative Burning Characteristics and Resistance to Burn-Through of Solid Plastics Using a 125-mm Flame
D5207 Practice for Confirmation of 20-mm (50-W) and 125-mm (500-W) Test Flames for Small-Scale Burning Tests on Plastic Materials
E176 Terminology of Fire Standards
ISO StandardsISO10093 Plastics--Fire Tests--Standard Ignition Sources
IEC StandardsIECTS60695-11-4 Fire Hazard Testing--Part 11-4: Test Flames--500W Flames--Apparatus and Confirmational Test Methods
ICS Number Code 71.040.20 (Laboratory ware and related apparatus)