ASTM D500 - 95(2016)

    Standard Test Methods of Chemical Analysis of Sulfonated and Sulfated Oils

    Active Standard ASTM D500 | Developed by Subcommittee: D12.12

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.04


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    Abstract

    These test methods cover the chemical analysis of sulfonated and sulfated oils. Water by distillation with volatile solvent and moisture and volatile matter by hot-plate shall be tested to meet the requirements prescribed. Titration test, extraction-titration test, and ash-gravimetric test shall be performed to meet the requirements specified. Total desulfated fatty matter, total active ingredients, unsaponifiable non-volatile matter, inorganic salts, total alkalinity, and total ammonia shall be tested to meet the requirements prescribed. In the absence of ammonium or triethanolamine soaps test method, brine test method, and in the presence of ammonium or triethanolamine soaps test method shall be performed to meet the requirements prescribed. Water-immiscible organic solvents volatile with steam shall be tested to meet the requirements prescribed.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analysis of sulfonated and sulfated oils. The analytical procedures appear in the following order:

     

    Section

     

     

    Moisture:

     

     Test Method A. Water by Distillation with Volatile Solvent

    4 – 9

     Test Method B. Moisture and Volatile Matter by Hot-Plate Method

    10 – 14

    Organically Combined Sulfuric Anhydride:

     

     Test Method A. Titration Test

    15 – 19

     Test Method B. Extraction-Titration Test

    20 – 24

     Test Method C. Ash-Gravimetric Test (in the Presence of True
    Sulfonates)

    25 – 28

    Total Desulfated Fatty Matter

    29 – 32

    Total Active Ingredients

    33 – 36

    Unsaponifiable Nonvolatile Matter

    37 – 41

    Inorganic Salts

    42 – 46

    Total Alkalinity

    47 – 49

    Total Ammonia

    50 – 52

    Acidity as Free Fatty Acids or Acid Number:

     

     Test Method A. In the Absence of Ammonium or Triethanolamine Soaps

    53 – 56

     Test Method B. In the Presence of Dark Colored Oils but in the
    Absence of Ammonium or Triethanolamine Soaps (Brine Test)

    57 – 60

     Test Method C. In the Presence of Ammonium or Triethanolamine Soaps

    61 – 63

    Water-Immiscible Organic Solvents Volatile with Steam

    64 – 70

    1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The metric equivalents of inch-pound units may be approximate.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Material Safety Data Sheets are available for reagents and materials. Review them for hazards prior to usage.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.100.40 (Surface active agents)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12161902(Detergent surfactants)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D0500-95R16

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D500-95(2016), Standard Test Methods of Chemical Analysis of Sulfonated and Sulfated Oils, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.org

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