ASTM D4991 - 07

    Standard Test Method for Leakage Testing of Empty Rigid Containers by Vacuum Method

    Active Standard ASTM D4991 | Developed by Subcommittee: D10.21

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.10


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    ASTM D4991

    Significance and Use

    Containers may be pressurized in accordance with this test method without modification to the closure or to the body of the container. This test method may be used for testing rigid containers intended for the transportation of some liquids by air in accordance with the ICAO TIs or in accordance with the UN TDG.

    This test method establishes the point at which leakage commences, with a limit of approximately 95-kPa (13.8-psi) differential. See Test Method D 3078 for flexible packages.

    This test method may not be suitable for some packages, such as packages with paper cap seals, where the test fluid may rapidly deteriorate the packaging.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the testing of empty containers for resistance to leakage under differential pressure conditions such as those which can occur during air transport. It is suitable for testing rigid containers intended for the transportation of some hazardous liquids in accordance with the United Nations Recommendations On The Transport Of Dangerous Goods (UN TDG) and the International Civil Aviation Organization Technical Instructions For The Safe Transport Of Dangerous Goods By Air (ICAO TIs).

    1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D996 Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments

    D3078 Test Method for Determination of Leaks in Flexible Packaging by Bubble Emission

    United Nations Document

    ST/SG/AC.10/1 Recommendations On The Transport Of Dangerous Goods Available from United Nations Sales Section, United Nations, New York, NY 10017.

    International Civil Aviation Organization

    DOC9284-AN/905 Technical Instructions For The Safe Transport Of Dangerous Goods By Air Available from Intereg Group, Inc., 5724 N. Pulaski Rd., Chicago, IL 60646.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 23.160 (Vacuum technology)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/D4991-07

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