ASTM D4939 - 89(2013)

    Standard Test Method for Subjecting Marine Antifouling Coating to Biofouling and Fluid Shear Forces in Natural Seawater

    Active Standard ASTM D4939 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.45

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.02


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Effective antifouling coatings are essential for the retention of speed and reduction of operating costs of ships. This test method is designed as a screening test to evaluate antifouling coating systems under conditions of hydrodynamic stress caused by water flow alternated with static exposure to a fouling environment. A dynamic test is necessary because of the increasing availability of AF coatings that are designed to ablate in service to expose a fresh antifouling surface. Because no ship is underway continually, a static exposure phase is included to give fouling microorganisms the opportunity to attach under static conditions. After an initial 30-day static exposure, alternated 30-day dynamic and static exposures are recommended as a standard cycle. The initial static exposure is selected to represent vessels coming out of drydock and sitting pierside while work is being completed. This gives the paint time to lose any remaining solvents, complete curing, absorb water, and, in general, stabilize to the in-water environment.

    5.2 This test method is intended to provide a comparison with a control antifouling coating of known performance in protecting underwater portions of ships' hulls. This test method gives an indication of the performance and anticipated service life of antifouling coatings for use on seagoing vessels. However, the degree of correlation between this test method and service performance has not been determined.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of antifouling performance and reduction of thickness of marine antifouling (AF) coatings by erosion or ablation (see Section 3) under specified conditions of hydrodynamic shear stress in seawater alternated with static exposure in seawater. An antifouling coating system of known performance is included to serve as a control in antifouling studies.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For a specific hazards statement, see Section 8.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A569/A569M Specification for Steel, Carbon (0.15 Maximum, Percent), Hot-Rolled Sheet and Strip Commercial

    D1186 Test Methods for Nondestructive Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Nonmagnetic Coatings Applied to a Ferrous Base

    D2200 Practice for Use of Pictorial Surface Preparation Standards and Guides for Painting Steel Surfaces

    D3623 Test Method for Testing Antifouling Panels in Shallow Submergence

    U.S. Military Specifications

    MIL-P-15931B Paint, Antifouling, Vinyl, Red (Formula 121/63)

    MIL-P-24441 Primer, Epoxy (Formula 150, Formula Sheet 24441/1)

    MIL-S-22698A Steel Plate, Carbon, Structural


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 47.020.05 (Materials and components for shipbuilding)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31211520(Antifouling paint)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D4939

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4939-89(2013), Standard Test Method for Subjecting Marine Antifouling Coating to Biofouling and Fluid Shear Forces in Natural Seawater, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013, www.astm.org

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