ASTM D4918-97(2007)

    Withdrawn Standard: ASTM D4918-97(2007) Standard Test Method for Coefficient of Static Friction of Uncoated Writing and Printing Paper by Use of the Inclined Plane Method (Withdrawn 2010)

    Developed by Subcommittee: D06.92

    WITHDRAWN, NO REPLACEMENT

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    Withdrawn Rationale:

    This test method describes a procedure for the determination of the coefficient of static friction of paper measured when sliding against itself. The inclined plane procedure is used.

    Formerly under the jurisdiction of Committee D06 on Paper and Paper Products, this test method was withdrawn in August 2010 because an equivalent TAPPI publication exists.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method describes a procedure for the determination of the coefficient of static friction of paper measured when sliding against itself. The inclined plane procedure is used.

    1.2 Although this test method is basic in concept, the precision statement has been developed on uncoated writing and printing papers. While the use of this test method is recommended for those grades only, it may be used with other types of paper giving specific attention to special paper characteristics and with the understanding that the precision may not be the same.

    1.3 Static coefficient of friction (COF) relates to the force required to initiate movement between two surfaces while kinetic COF relates to the force required to cause continuation of the movement at uniform speed. Kinetic COF cannot be measured by this test method. Both static and kinetic COF can be measured by Test Method D 4917.

    1.4 A horizontal plane method is described in Test Method D 4917, which gives similar results. The choice of approach depends upon the equipment available and the means of measurement.

    1.5 The determination of this characteristic for corrugated and solid fiberboard is described in Test Methods D 4521 and D 3247. The test methods differ in that, in Test Methods D 4521 and D 3247, the two specimens are allowed to slip upon one another three times before the angle of inclination is determined, while in this test method, the angle is determined on the first slip.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D528 Test Method for Machine Direction of Paper and Paperboard

    D585 Practice for Sampling and Accepting a Single Lot of Paper, Paperboard, Fiberboard, and Related Product

    D685 Practice for Conditioning Paper and Paper Products for Testing

    D1968 Terminology Relating to Paper and Paper Products

    D3247 Method of Test for Coefficient of Static Friction of Corrugated and Solid Fiberboard (Horizontal Plane Method)

    D3460 Specification for White Watermarked and Unwatermarked Bond, Reprographic, and Laser Printer Cut-Sized Office Papers

    D4521 Test Method for Coefficient of Static Friction of Corrugated and Solid Fiberboard

    D4917 Test Method for Coefficient of Static and Kinetic Friction of Uncoated Writing and Printing Paper by Use of the Horizontal Plane Method


    DOI: 10.1520/D4918-97R07

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