ASTM D4898 - 90(2010)e1

    Standard Test Method for Insoluble Contamination of Hydraulic Fluids by Gravimetric Analysis

    Active Standard ASTM D4898 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.N0.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.02


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    ASTM D4898

    Significance and Use

    This test method indicates and measures the amount of insoluble contamination of hydraulic fluids. Minimizing the levels of insoluble contamination of hydraulic fluids is essential for the satisfactory performance and long life of the equipment. Insoluble contamination can not only plug filters but can damage functional system components resulting in wear and eventual system failure.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of insoluble contamination in hydraulic fluids by gravimetric analyses. The contamination determined includes both particulate and gel-like matter, organic and inorganic, which is retained on a membrane filter disk of pore diameter as required by applicable specifications (usually 0.45 μm or 0.80 μm).

    1.2 To indicate the nature and distribution of the particulate contamination, the gravimetric method should be supplemented by occasional particle counts of typical samples in accordance with Test Method F312.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For a specific warning statement, see 6.1.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

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    E319 Practice for the Evaluation of Single-Pan Mechanical Balances

    F302 Practice for Field Sampling of Aerospace Fluids in Containers

    F303 Practices for Sampling for Particles in Aerospace Fluids and Components

    F312 Test Methods for Microscopical Sizing and Counting Particles from Aerospace Fluids on Membrane Filters

    F314 Methods of Test for Identification of Metallic and Fibrous Contaminants in Aerospace Fluids

    Military Standard

    MIL-C-81302C Cleaning Compound Solvent Trichlorotrifluoroethane Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, DODSSP, Bldg. 4, Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5098


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.120 (Hydraulic fluids)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15121504(Hydraulic oil)


    DOI: 10.1520/D4898-90R10E01

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    ASTM D4898

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