Significance and Use
This test method is a performance test intended as a design aid used to determine the ability of geomembranes to withstand the stresses and strains imposed under design conditions. This test method assists the design engineer in comparing several candidate geomembranes under specific test conditions.
As a performance test, this method is not intended for routine acceptance testing of commercial shipments of geomembranes. Other more easily performed test methods, such as Test Methods D751 or Test Method D882, can be used for routine acceptance testing of geomembranes. This test method will be used relatively infrequently, and to establish performance characteristics of geomembrane materials.
There is no known correlation between this test method and index test methods, such as Test Methods D751.
All geomembranes can be tested by this method. Some modification of techniques may be necessary for a given geomembrane depending upon its physical make-up. Special adaptations may be necessary with strong geomembranes or geomembranes with extremely slick surfaces, to prevent them from slipping in the clamps or being damaged by the clamps.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the performance strength of synthetic geomembranes by subjecting wide strips of material to tensile loading.
1.2 This test method covers the measurement of tensile strength and elongation of geomembranes and includes directions for calculating initial modulus, offset modulus, secant modulus, and breaking toughness.
1.3 The basic distinctions between this test method and other methods measuring tensile strength of geomembranes are the width of the specimens tested and the speed of applied force. The greater width of the specimens specified in this test method minimizes the contraction edge effect (necking) which occurs in many geosynthetics and provides a closer relationship to actual material behavior in service. The slower speed of applied strain also provides a closer relationship to actual material behavior in service.
1.4 As a performance test, this method will be used relatively infrequently, and to test large lots of material. This test method is not intended for routine quality control testing of geomembranes.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D76 Specification for Tensile Testing Machines for Textiles
D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles
D751 Test Methods for Coated Fabrics
D882 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Thin Plastic Sheeting
D1593 Specification for Nonrigid Vinyl Chloride Plastic Film and Sheeting
D1909 Standard Table of Commercial Moisture Regains for Textile Fibers
D4354 Practice for Sampling of Geosynthetics for Testing
D4439 Terminology for Geosynthetics
Breaking strength/tenacity; Elongation--geotextiles; Failure end point--soil/related materials; Geomembranes; Secant modulus; Strain testing--geosynthetics; Strength--geosynthetics; Stress--geosynthetics; Tensile properties/testing--geosynthetics; Wide strip tensile method; Work-to-break;
ICS Number Code 59.080.70 (Geotextiles)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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