ASTM D4860 - 13

    Standard Test Method for Free Water and Particulate Contamination in Middle Distillate Fuels (Clear and Bright Numerical Rating)

    Active Standard ASTM D4860 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.14

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.02


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 The test provides a field test to evaluate visually a fuel sample for particulate matter and free water similar to Test Method D4176 plus a numerical rating for free water. High numerical ratings indicate that the fuel is relatively free of free water. The degree of water and particulate contamination can be measured using other methods such as Test Methods D1744, D2276, and D2709.

    5.2 The color of the sample does not affect the measurement. Limited laboratory evaluations of samples have determined the degree of free water can be rated in fuels with dark opaque color having a darker rating than five in Test Method D1500.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers a rapid, portable means for field and laboratory use to inspect visually for particulate matter and numerically rate free water in aviation turbine and distillate fuels.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see 11.2.3 and Annex A1.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1500 Test Method for ASTM Color of Petroleum Products (ASTM Color Scale)

    D1744 Test Method for Determination of Water in Liquid Petroleum Products by Karl Fischer Reagent

    D2276 Test Method for Particulate Contaminant in Aviation Fuel by Line Sampling

    D2709 Test Method for Water and Sediment in Middle Distillate Fuels by Centrifuge

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4176 Test Method for Free Water and Particulate Contamination in Distillate Fuels (Visual Inspection Procedures)


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15101500(Petroleum and distillates)


    DOI: 10.1520/D4860

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