Active Standard ASTM D4857 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.B0.06
Book of Standards Volume: 05.02
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
1.1 This test method2 evaluates the performance of lubricants intended for use in two-stroke-cycle spark-ignition gasoline engines that are particularly prone to ring sticking. Piston varnish and spark plug fouling are also evaluated.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
B152/B152M Specification for Copper Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Rolled Bar
D93 Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester
D235 Specification for Mineral Spirits (Petroleum Spirits) (Hydrocarbon Dry Cleaning Solvent)
D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
D874 Test Method for Sulfated Ash from Lubricating Oils and Additives
D2270 Practice for Calculating Viscosity Index from Kinematic Viscosity at 40 and 100C
D2622 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
D4052 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
D4629 Test Method for Trace Nitrogen in Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Syringe/Inlet Oxidative Combustion and Chemiluminescence Detection
D4858 Test Method for Determination of the Tendency of Lubricants to Promote Preignition in Two-Stroke-Cycle Gasoline Engines
D4859 Specification for Lubricants for Two-Stroke-Cycle Spark-Ignition Gasoline Engines-TC
D4863 Test Method for Determination of Lubricity of Two-Stroke-Cycle Gasoline Engine Lubricants
D4951 Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry
E230 Specification and Temperature-Electromotive Force (EMF) Tables for Standardized Thermocouples
G40 Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion
ANSI StandardANSIMC96.1 American National Standard for Temperature Measurement Thermocouples Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036.
ICS Number Code 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)
UNSPSC Code 15121501(Engine oil)