ASTM D4852 - 88(2009)e1

    Standard Practice for Evaluation of Attached Upholstery Fabrics

    Active Standard ASTM D4852 | Developed by Subcommittee: D13.63

    Book of Standards Volume: 07.02


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    Significance and Use

    This practice may be used to evaluate pertinent performance characteristics of attached upholstery fabrics.

    Loose cushions or pillows considered an inherent part of the total upholstered furniture unit are to be evaluated using this practice.

    This practice is not intended for use with outdoor furniture nor with slipcovers or throws.

    Evaluation is to be done both before and after the refurbishing procedures, as directed in voluntary care labeling instructions or as agreed upon between purchaser and supplier.

    The specified cleaning and maintenance procedures herein discussed do not reflect professional care designed to enhance the performance of furniture coverings, such as the application of soil and stain protectants. Reflected in this practice are the minimum capabilities of current cleaning methods used in accordance with any voluntary care labeling instructions accompanying the furniture.

    The characteristics to be evaluated and the acceptance criteria assigned to these areas shall be set by mutual agreement between purchaser and supplier.

    The significance and use of specific properties are discussed in the appropriate test methods and performance standards.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice is to be used to evaluate specific characteristics of importance in the performance of upholstery fabric attached to a furniture unit, including woven, knitted, tufted, flocked, or vinyl fabrics.

    1.2 It is understood that the fabric used to construct the upholstered furniture unit should be evaluated initially using appropriate fabric performance standards, such as Specifications D 3597 and D 3690.

    1.3 Loose cushions or pillows considered an inherent part of the total furniture unit are to be evaluated using this practice.

    1.4 This practice is not to be used to evaluate slipcovers or throws used as furniture coverings. Outdoor furniture coverings are not to be evaluated using this practice.

    1.5 This practice shall not be construed to be a standard of performance but only as a standard practice for evaluation of attached upholstery fabrics.

    1.6 This practice may be used by mutual agreement between purchaser and supplier to establish purchasing specifications.

    1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles

    D3597 Performance Specification for Woven Upholstery Fabrics--Plain, Tufted, or Flocked

    D3690 Performance Specification for Vinyl-Coated and Urethane-Coated Upholstery Fabrics--Indoor

    D4771 Performance Specification for Knitted Upholstery Fabrics for Indoor Furniture

    D7023 Terminology Relating to Home Furnishings

    AATCC Method

    AATCCEvaluationProce Scale for Color Change Available from American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (AATCC), P.O. Box 12215, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, http://www.aatcc.org.

    Other Documents

    Woven Upholstery Fabric Standards and Guidelines Reissued in 1986 by the Joint-Industry Fabric Standards Committee including American Furniture Manufacturers Association, California Furniture Manufacturers Association, Furniture Manufacturers Association of Grand Rapids, Association of Western Furniture Suppliers, and Home Furnishings Manufacturers Association. Available from American Furniture Manufacturers Association, P.O. Box HP-7, High Point, NC 27261.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 59.080.30 (Textile fabrics); 97.140 (Furniture)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11162113(Upholstery fabrics)


    DOI: 10.1520/D4852-88R09E01

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