Significance and Use
Option 1 of this test method for the determination of the degree of untwisted filament yarn entanglement, as measured instrumentally, is used for acceptance testing of commercial shipments; however, caution is advised because information on between-laboratory precision is lacking. Comparative tests, as directed in 5.1.1, may be advisable.
If there are differences of practical significance between the reported test results for two or more laboratories, comparative tests should be performed by those laboratories to determine if there is a statistical bias between them, using competent statistical assistance. As a minimum, samples used for each comparative test should be as homogeneous as possible, drawn from the same lot of material as the samples that results in disparate results during initial testing, and randomly assigned in equal numbers to each laboratory. Other fabrics with established test values may be used for this purpose. The test results from the laboratories involved should be compared appropriate statistical analysis and a probability level chosen by the two parties before testing begins, at a probability level chosen prior to the testing series. If a bias is found, either its cause must be found and corrected or future test results must be adjusted in consideration of the known bias.
Option 2 for this test method is intended for use when the supply of yarn is limited.
The instrumental option of this test method is based on the total randomization of the entanglements in the yarn; therefore, the distance measured between the point of insertion of a pin in the middle of the yarn and the point at which an entanglement is encountered, by movement of the yarn or the pin until it is stopped at a preset level of force, is representative of the distance between two entanglements at some location in the yarn.
Entanglements are used frequently instead of twist to ensure the integrity of filament yarns. Such entanglements generally give somewhat less protection during weaving or knitting than twist, but with proper care, will perform quite satisfactorily.
1.1 This test method covers two options for the measurement of entanglements in untwisted filament yarns using needle insertion options for instrument (A) and manual (B) techniques.
1.2 The values stated in either SI or inch-pound units (in parentheses) are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other without combining values in any way.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles
D1776 Practice for Conditioning and Testing Textiles
D2258 Practice for Sampling Yarn for Testing
D4849 Terminology Related to Yarns and Fibers
entanglement; yarn; Acceptance criteria/testing--textile fabrics/fibers; Average centimeter pull; Entanglement; Fiber length; Filament yarn; Forwarding time; Instrumental measurement--textiles; Integrity testing; Man-made textile fibers; Manual method; Measuring speed; Needle insertion method; Tensile properties/testing--textile materials/applications; Transport speed; Untwisted; Visual examination--textiles; Yarn properties ;
ICS Number Code 59.080.20 (Yarns)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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