ASTM D4712-87a(2005)

    Standard Guide for Testing Industrial Water-Reducible Coatings (Withdrawn 2014)

    Withdrawn Standard: ASTM D4712-87a(2005) | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.55

    WITHDRAWN, NO REPLACEMENT


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    Withdrawn Rationale:

    This guide covers the selection and use of procedures for testing water-reducible coatings, both pigmented and clear, utilizing synthetic latices, synthetic resin emulsions, or water-reducible alkyds. This guide covers the testing of liquid coatings as applied by conventional spray, airless spray, electrostatic spray, dip, fancoat, flowcoat, roller coat, and curtain coat.

    Formerly under the jurisdiction of Committee D01 on Paint and Related Coatings, Materials, and Applications, this guide was withdrawn in January 2014 in accordance with section 10.6.3 of the Regulations Governing ASTM Technical Committees, which requires that standards shall be updated by the end of the eighth year since the last approval date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide covers the selection and use of procedures for testing water-reducible coatings, both pigmented and clear, utilizing synthetic latices, synthetic resin emulsions, or water-reducible alkyds. The methods included are listed in Table 1. Where more than one standard is listed for the same characteristic, no attempt is made to indicate superiority of one standard over another. Selection of the standards to be followed must be governed by experience and the requirements in each individual case, together with agreement between producer and user.

    1.2 This guide covers the testing of liquid coatings as applied by conventional spray, airless spray, electrostatic spray, dip, fancoat, flowcoat, roller coat, and curtain coat.

    1.3 This guide includes procedures relating to proper and safe packaging, shipping and receiving, and storage and handling during use and application.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.



    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    B117 Practice for Operating Salt Spray (Fog) Apparatus

    B287 Method of Acetic Acid-Salt Spray (Fog) Testing

    D16 Terminology for Paint, Related Coatings, Materials, and Applications

    D56 Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester

    D93 Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    D185 Test Methods for Coarse Particles in Pigments

    D215 Practice for the Chemical Analysis of White Linseed Oil Paints

    D344 Test Method for Relative Hiding Power of Paints by the Visual Evaluation of Brushouts

    D522 Test Methods for Mandrel Bend Test of Attached Organic Coatings

    D523 Test Method for Specular Gloss

    D562 Test Method for Consistency of Paints Measuring Krebs Unit (KU) Viscosity Using a Stormer-Type Viscometer

    D609 Practice for Preparation of Cold-Rolled Steel Panels for Testing Paint, Varnish, Conversion Coatings, and Related Coating Products

    D610 Practice for Evaluating Degree of Rusting on Painted Steel Surfaces

    D658 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by Air Blast Abrasive

    D659 Method for Evaluating Degree of Chalking of Exterior Paints

    D660 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Checking of Exterior Paints

    D661 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Cracking of Exterior Paints

    D662 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Erosion of Exterior Paints

    D714 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Blistering of Paints

    D772 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Flaking (Scaling) of Exterior Paints

    D822 Practice for Filtered Open-Flame Carbon-Arc Exposures of Paint and Related Coatings

    D823 Practices for Producing Films of Uniform Thickness of Paint, Varnish, and Related Products on Test Panels

    D869 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Settling of Paint

    D870 Practice for Testing Water Resistance of Coatings Using Water Immersion

    D968 Test Methods for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by Falling Abrasive

    D1005 Test Method for Measurement of Dry-Film Thickness of Organic Coatings Using Micrometers

    D1014 Practice for Conducting Exterior Exposure Tests of Paints and Coatings on Metal Substrates

    D1125 Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of Water

    D1150 Single and Multi-Panel Forms for Recording Results of Exposure Tests of Paints

    D1186 Test Methods for Nondestructive Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Nonmagnetic Coatings Applied to a Ferrous Base

    D1200 Test Method for Viscosity by Ford Viscosity Cup

    D1210 Test Method for Fineness of Dispersion of Pigment-Vehicle Systems by Hegman-Type Gage

    D1212 Test Methods for Measurement of Wet Film Thickness of Organic Coatings

    D1308 Test Method for Effect of Household Chemicals on Clear and Pigmented Organic Finishes

    D1400 Test Method for Nondestructive Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Nonconductive Coatings Applied to a Nonferrous Metal Base

    D1474 Test Methods for Indentation Hardness of Organic Coatings

    D1475 Test Method For Density of Liquid Coatings, Inks, and Related Products

    D1535 Practice for Specifying Color by the Munsell System

    D1540 Method of Test for Effect of Chemical Agents on Organic Finishes Used in the Transportation Industry

    D1640 Test Methods for Drying, Curing, or Film Formation of Organic Coatings at Room Temperature

    D1653 Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Organic Coating Films

    D1654 Test Method for Evaluation of Painted or Coated Specimens Subjected to Corrosive Environments

    D1729 Practice for Visual Appraisal of Colors and Color Differences of Diffusely-Illuminated Opaque Materials

    D1730 Practices for Preparation of Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Surfaces for Painting

    D1731 Practices for Preparation of Hot-Dip Aluminum Surfaces for Painting

    D1732 Practices for Preparation of Magnesium Alloy Surfaces for Painting

    D1735 Practice for Testing Water Resistance of Coatings Using Water Fog Apparatus

    D1737 Method of Test for Elongation of Attached Organic Coatings with Cylindrical Mandrel Apparatus

    D1848 Classification for Reporting Paint Film Failures Characteristic of Exterior Latex Paints

    D1849 Test Method for Package Stability of Paint

    D2091 Test Method for Print Resistance of Lacquers

    D2092 Guide for Preparation of Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Steel Surfaces for Painting

    D2196 Test Methods for Rheological Properties of Non-Newtonian Materials by Rotational (Brookfield type) Viscometer

    D2197 Test Method for Adhesion of Organic Coatings by Scrape Adhesion

    D2201 Practice for Preparation of Zinc-Coated and Zinc-Alloy-Coated Steel Panels for Testing Paint and Related Coating Products

    D2243 Test Method for Freeze-Thaw Resistance of Water-Borne Coatings

    D2244 Practice for Calculation of Color Tolerances and Color Differences from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates

    D2246 Test Method for Finishes on Primed Metallic Substrates for Humidity-Thermal Cycle Cracking

    D2247 Practice for Testing Water Resistance of Coatings in 100 % Relative Humidity

    D2248 Practice for Detergent Resistance of Organic Finishes

    D2353 Method of Test for Flow Ratings of Organic Coatings Using the Shell Flow Comparator

    D2354 Test Method for Minimum Film Formation Temperature (MFFT) of Emulsion Vehicles

    D2369 Test Method for Volatile Content of Coatings

    D2371 Test Method for Pigment Content of Solvent-Reducible Paints

    D2454 Practice for Determining the Effect of Overbaking on Organic Coatings

    D2574 Test Method for Resistance of Emulsion Paints in the Container to Attack by Microorganisms

    D2616 Test Method for Evaluation of Visual Color Difference With a Gray Scale

    D2691 Method for Microscopical Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Coatings on Wood Products

    D2697 Test Method for Volume Nonvolatile Matter in Clear or Pigmented Coatings

    D2794 Test Method for Resistance of Organic Coatings to the Effects of Rapid Deformation (Impact)

    D2803 Guide for Testing Filiform Corrosion Resistance of Organic Coatings on Metal

    D2805 Test Method for Hiding Power of Paints by Reflectometry

    D2933 Test Method for Corrosion Resistance of Coated Steel Specimens (Cyclic Method)

    D3002 Guide for Evaluation of Coatings Applied to Plastics

    D3023 Practice for Determination of Resistance of Factory-Applied Coatings on Wood Products to Stains and Reagents

    D3134 Practice for Establishing Color and Gloss Tolerances

    D3168 Practice for Qualitative Identification of Polymers in Emulsion Paints

    D3170 Test Method for Chipping Resistance of Coatings

    D3278 Test Methods for Flash Point of Liquids by Small Scale Closed-Cup Apparatus

    D3281 Test Method for Formability of Attached Organic Coatings with Impact-Wedge Bend Apparatus

    D3359 Test Methods for Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test

    D3361 Practice for Unfiltered Open-Flame Carbon-Arc Exposures of Paint and Related Coatings

    D3793 Test Method for Low-Temperature Coalescence of Latex Paint Films by Porosity Measurement

    D3924 Specification for Environment for Conditioning and Testing Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Materials

    D3925 Practice for Sampling Liquid Paints and Related Pigmented Coatings

    D3928 Test Method for Evaluation of Gloss or Sheen Uniformity

    D4060 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by the Taber Abraser

    D4062 Test Method for Leveling of Paints by Draw-Down Method

    D4399 Test Method for Measuring Electrical Conductivity of Electrocoat Baths

    D4585 Practice for Testing Water Resistance of Coatings Using Controlled Condensation

    D4587 Practice for Fluorescent UV-Condensation Exposures of Paint and Related Coatings

    E70 Test Method for pH of Aqueous Solutions With the Glass Electrode

    U.S. Federal Test Method Standard No. 141c

    4331.1 Test Method


    DOI: 10.1520/D4712-87AR05

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