ASTM D4692 - 01(2010)

    Standard Practice for Calculation and Adjustment of Sulfate Scaling Salts (CaSO4, SrSO4, and BaSO4) for Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration

    Active Standard ASTM D4692 | Developed by Subcommittee: D19.08

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.02


      Format Pages Price  
    PDF 4 $38.00   ADD TO CART
    Hardcopy (shipping and handling) 4 $38.00   ADD TO CART


    Significance and Use

    In the design and operation of reverse osmosis and nanofiltration installations, it is important to predict the CaSO4, SrSO4, and BaSO4 scaling properties of the concentrate stream. Because of the increase in total dissolved solids and the increase in concentration of the scaling salts, the scaling properties of the concentrate stream will be quite different from those of the feed solution. This practice permits the calculation of the scaling potential for the concentrate stream from the feed water analyses and the reverse osmosis or nanofiltration operating parameters.

    Scaling by CaSO4, SrSO4, and BaSO4 will adversely affect the reverse osmosis or nanofiltration performance. This practice gives various procedures for the prevention of scaling.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers the calculation and adjustment of calcium, strontium, and barium sulfates for the concentrate stream of a reverse osmosis or nanofiltration system. The calculations are used to determine the need for scale control in the operation and design of reverse osmosis and nanofiltration installations. This practice is applicable for all types of reverse osmosis devices (tubular, spiral wound, and hollow fiber) and nanofiltration devices.

    1.2 This practice is applicable to both brackish waters and seawaters.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D511 Test Methods for Calcium and Magnesium In Water

    D516 Test Method for Sulfate Ion in Water

    D1129 Terminology Relating to Water

    D3352 Test Method for Strontium Ion in Brackish Water, Seawater, and Brines

    D4194 Test Methods for Operating Characteristics of Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Devices

    D4195 Guide for Water Analysis for Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Application

    D4382 Test Method for Barium in Water, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry, Graphite Furnace

    D6161 Terminology Used for Microfiltration, Ultrafiltration, Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis Membrane Processes


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.120.99 (Other equipment for the chemical industry)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/D4692-01R10

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    ASTM D4692

    Citing ASTM Standards
    Back to Top