ASTM D4685 - 07(2011)e1

    Standard Test Method for Pile Fabric Abrasion

    Active Standard ASTM D4685 | Developed by Subcommittee: D13.59

    Book of Standards Volume: 07.02


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    Significance and Use

    This test method is considered satisfactory for quality control testing and commercial shipment acceptance.

    5.1.1 In case of a dispute arising from differences in reported test results when using this test method, the purchaser and the supplier should conduct comparative tests to determine if there is a statistical bias between their laboratories. Competent statistical assistance is recommended for the investigation of bias. As a minimum, the two parties should take test specimens that are from the lot of material of the type in question. The test specimens should then be randomly assigned in equal numbers to each laboratory for testing. The average results from the two laboratories should be compared using student’t-test for unpaired data and an acceptable probability level chosen by the two parties before the testing is begun. If a bias is found, either its cause must be found and corrected or the purchaser and the supplier must agree to interpret future test results in the light of the known bias.

    Finishes and changes in fabric surfaces may exert a large effect on pile retention of corduroy. Therefore, it may be desirable to test before as well as after laundering or drycleaning, or both.

    The separate testing of specimens on the face and back of the fabric is important in this test method since the pile pull-out may be due to abrasive action on either the face or back. With many pile fabrics, specifically corduroy constructions, pile retention properties are worse when abraded on the back.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the abrasion of pile fabrics when the loss of pile tuffs occur, sometimes called pile retention or pile pull out. It includes two procedures:

    1.1.1 Procedure AThe "Heavy Duty" procedure describes the test option for fabrics over 240 g/m2 (7 oz/yd2) or fabrics which should meet heavy duty end-use conditions of wear.

    1.1.2 Procedure BThe "Light Duty" procedure describes the test option for fabrics under 240 g/m2 (7 oz/yd2) or fabrics which should meet light duty end-use conditions of wear.

    1.2 The test method is intended for both regular, ribless woven corduroy or other woven pile fabric constructions.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

    This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles

    D1776 Practice for Conditioning and Testing Textiles

    D2724 Test Methods for Bonded, Fused, and Laminated Apparel Fabrics

    D3884 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Rotary Platform, Double-Head Method)

    D4850 Terminology Relating to Fabrics and Fabric Test Methods

    AATCC Method

    TM135 Dimensional Changes in Automatic Home Laundering of Woven or Knit Fabrics


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 59.080.30 (Textile fabrics)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/D4685-07R11E01

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