Significance and Use
This guide assists the user in selecting a strapping material and configuration for initial handling, transit, and storage tests. It describes general unit (load) types, strapping properties, unit-strapping interaction, weight considerations, unit shear planes, component frictional characteristics, and unit geometry.
1.1 This guide covers information on flat strapping materials (steel or nonmetallic) for the prospective user wanting initial guidance in selecting a strapping material and applied configuration for use in packaging (closing, reinforcing, baling, unitizing, or palletizing) and loading (load unitization and securement to transport vehicle) applications. The use applies to handling, securement, storage, and distribution systems.
1.2 Carrier associations have established certain packaging and loading requirements that in some cases specify a type of strap, the minimum size or strength, or both, and type of joint or seal, or both, that must be used for certain types of shipments or under certain conditions. Users should consult with their carriers initially to determine if there are applicable, published requirements. Individual carriers may establish their own requirements (see 2.2).
1.3 Limitations— This guide is not intended to give specific information as to how strapping must be used in any particular packaging or loading situation. Rather it is intended to be informational in nature and is offered as a starting point for testing. The need for thorough user testing is to be emphasized as is a review of pertinent regulations that can influence the selection of sizes, types, and possibly, application methods.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D996 Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments
D3950 Specification for Strapping, Nonmetallic (and Joining Methods)
D3953 Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
D4169 Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
AssociationofAmerica Railing Available from Association of American Railroads--Railing, Association of American Railroads--Railing Highwoods Center, 7001 Weston Parkway, Suite 200, Cary, NC 27513.
banding; buckles; mechanism; nonmetallic; seals; steel; strapping; strapping joints; Buckles; Carbon steel; Corrugated board/fiberboard materials/applications; Distribution systems; Fiberboard containers; Flat carbon steel strapping materials; Heavy-duty strapping materials--specifications; Lap joint; Load unitization; Loop joints; Notch joint; Packing/packaging materials/systems; Pallets; Paperboard; Plastic shipping materials/applications; Plastic strapping materials; Platforms; Regular duty strapping materials; Runners/spacers; Sealing/securing packages/containers; Selection guides--materials; Shipping containers/materials/applications; Skids; Steel; Steel strapping; Storage; Strapping materials; Unitized loads; Baling; Banding;
ICS Number Code 55.040 (Packaging materials and accessories)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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