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Significance and Use
These test methods are designed to broaden the scope of the earlier editions of the test method by the inclusion of tall oil and tall oil derived products as test materials and will be referenced in Test Methods D803.
The acid number is an important property of naval stores products, tall oil, and the products obtained by the fractionation of tall oil. It is the test method widely used to determine the total free acid content of these products.
The potentiometric test method should be used when the most reproducible results are required.
1.1 These test methods are intended for determining the acid number of naval store products as defined in Terminology D804 including tall oil products, wood and gum rosin, and other related materials. These test methods may not be applicable to all modified rosin products. Two test methods are covered, as follows:
1.1.1 Potentiometric method (referee), and
1.1.2 Internal indicator method (alternate).
1.2 The potentiometric method is suitable for use with both light- and dark-colored products. It should be considered the referee method. The internal indicator method is suitable for use only with light- and medium-colored products with a Gardner color of less than 12. It should be considered the alternate method.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D803 Test Methods for Testing Tall Oil
D804 Terminology Relating to Naval Stores, Including Tall Oil and Related Products
E70 Test Method for pH of Aqueous Solutions With the Glass Electrode
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
ICS Number Code 87.060.20 (Binders)
UNSPSC Code 13111103(Tall oil rosin)