ASTM D464 - 05(2010)

    Standard Test Methods for Saponification Number of Naval Store Products Including Tall Oil and Other Related Products

    Active Standard ASTM D464 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.34

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.03


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    Significance and Use

    These test methods are designed to broaden the scope of the earlier editions of the test method by the inclusion of tall oil and tall oil derived products as test materials and is referenced in Test Methods D803.

    The saponification number is an important property of tall oil and the products obtained by the fractionation of tall oil. It is the test method widely used to determine the total acid content, both free and combined, of these products.

    The potentiometric test method should be used when the most reproducible results are required.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover the determination of the saponification number of tall oil and products obtained by the fractionation of tall oil such as rosin, fatty acids and distilled tall oil as defined in Terminology D804. These test methods are also applicable to gum and wood rosin. Two test methods are covered as follows:

    1.1.1 Test method using a potentiometric method, and

    1.1.2 Test method using an internal indicator method.

    1.2 The potentiometric method is suitable for use with both light- and dark-colored test samples. It should be considered the referee method. The internal indicator method is suitable for use only with light- and medium-colored test samples. It should be considered the alternate method.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D803 Test Methods for Testing Tall Oil

    D804 Terminology Relating to Naval Stores, Including Tall Oil and Related Products

    E70 Test Method for pH of Aqueous Solutions With the Glass Electrode


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 87.060.20 (Binders)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 13111103(Tall oil rosin)


    DOI: 10.1520/D0464-05R10

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