Significance and Use
The iodine number is a relative indicator of porosity in an activated carbon. It does not necessarily provide a measure of the carbon's ability to absorb other species. Iodine number may be used as an approximation of surface area for some types of activated carbons (see Test Method ). However, it must be realized that any relationship between surface area and iodine number cannot be generalized. It varies with changes in carbon raw material, processing conditions, and pore volume distribution (see Definitions D2652).
The presence of adsorbed volatiles, sulfur; and water extractables may affect the measured iodine number of an activated carbon.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the relative activation level of unused or reactivated carbons by adsorption of iodine from aqueous solution. The amount of iodine absorbed (in milligrams) by 1 g of carbon using test conditions listed herein is called the iodine number.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazard statements are given in Section 7.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C819 Test Method for Specific Surface Area of Carbon or Graphite
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D2652 Terminology Relating to Activated Carbon
D2867 Test Methods for Moisture in Activated Carbon
D3860 Practice for Determination of Adsorptive Capacity of Activated Carbon by Aqueous Phase Isotherm Technique
E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E287 Specification for Laboratory Glass Graduated Burets
E288 Specification for Laboratory Glass Volumetric Flasks
E300 Practice for Sampling Industrial Chemicals
Circular602—Te of Glass Volumetric Apparatus Available from National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), 100 Bureau Dr., Stop 1070, Gaithersburg, MD 20899-1070, http://www.nist.gov.
Activated carbon; Iodine adsorption number; Absorption isotherm; Isotherm techniques; Porosity; Titration; Unused carbon;
ICS Number Code 71.040.30 (Chemical reagents)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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