ASTM D4590 - 13

    Standard Test Method for Colorimetric Determination of p-tert-Butylcatechol In Styrene Monomer or AMS (α–Methylstyrene) by Spectrophotometry

    Active Standard ASTM D4590 | Developed by Subcommittee: D16.07

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.04


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    ASTM D4590

    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method is suitable for determining the quantity of TBC inhibitor, both for the protection against polymerization while in transit and storage, and for internal quality control.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method is applicable to the determination of residual 4-tertiary-butylcatechol (TBC) in styrene monomer or AMS in the 1 to 100 mg/kg range. Any other compound producing color at 490 nm when contacted with aqueous sodium hydroxide solution will interfere. It may be compensated for by including it in the preparation of the standard solutions, if its identity and concentration in the sample are known.

    1.2 In determining the conformance of the test results using this method to applicable specifications, results shall be rounded off in accordance with the rounding-off method of Practice E29.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific statements on hazards, see Section 8.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D3437 Practice for Sampling and Handling Liquid Cyclic Products

    D4790 Terminology of Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Related Chemicals

    D6809 Guide for Quality Control and Quality Assurance Procedures for Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Related Materials

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.080.60 (Alcohols. Ethers); 17.180.20 (Colours and measurement of light)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12352005(Aromatic or heterocyclic compounds)


    DOI: 10.1520/D4590

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