Significance and Use
Using this test method, a volume of rock large enough to take into account the influence of discontinuities on the properties of the rock mass is loaded. The test should be used when values are required which represent the true rock mass properties more closely than can be obtained through less expensive uniaxial jacking tests or other procedures.
Note 1—The quality of the result produced by this standard is dependent on the competence of the personnel performing it, and the suitability of the equipment and facilities used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Practice D 3740 are generally considered capable of competent and objective testing/sampling/inspection/etc. Users of this standard are cautioned that compliance with Practice D 3740 does not in itself assure reliable results. Reliable results depend on many factors; Practice D 3740 provides a means of evaluating some of those factors.
1.1 This test method is used to determine the in situ modulus of deformation of rock mass by subjecting a test chamber of circular cross section to uniformly distributed radial loading; the consequent rock displacements are measured, from which elastic or deformation moduli may be calculated. The anisotropic deformability of the rock can also be measured and information on time-dependent deformation may be obtained.
1.2 This test method is based upon the procedures developed by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation featuring long extensometers (1). An alternative procedure is also available and is based on a reference bar (2).
1.3 Application of the test results is beyond the scope of this test method, but may be an integral part of some testing programs.
1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
D3740 Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
D4403 Practice for Extensometers Used in Rock
discontinuities; in situ stress; loading tests; radial jacking test; Adit; Anisotropy; Deformation--rock; Displacement--rock environments; Field testing--rock; Fracture testing--rock; In-situ soil/rock testing/analysis; Loading tests--rock/related materials; Modulus--soil/rock applications; Pressure testing--rock; Radial jacking test; Rock materials/properties/analysis; Stress--rock;
ICS Number Code 93.020 (Earth works. Excavations. Foundation construction. Underground works)
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