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Significance and Use
This test method is suitable for determining the concentrations of known impurities in finished benzene and for use as an integral quality control tool where benzene is either produced or used in a manufacturing procedure. It is generally applied to impurities such as nonaromatics containing nine carbons or less, toluene, C8 aromatics, and 1,4-dioxane.
Absolute purity cannot be determined if unknown impurities are present. Test Method D852 is generally used as a criteria for determining the absolute purity.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of normally occurring trace impurities in, and the purity of, finished benzene by gas chromatography.
1.2 This test method is applicable for benzene purities of 99.80 weight % or higher.
1.3 The lower limit for detection for non-aromatic impurities is 50 mg/kg. The lower limit of detection for individual aromatic hydrocarbon impurities 10 mg/kg. The lower limit of detection for 1,4-dioxane is 5 mg/kg.
1.4 In determining the conformance of the test results using this method to applicable specifications, results shall be rounded off in accordance with the rounding off method of Practice E29.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 8.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D852 Test Method for Solidification Point of Benzene
D3437 Practice for Sampling and Handling Liquid Cyclic Products
D6809 Guide for Quality Control and Quality Assurance Procedures for Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Related Materials
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E260 Practice for Packed Column Gas Chromatography
E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
E1510 Practice for Installing Fused Silica Open Tubular Capillary Columns in Gas Chromatographs
Other DocumentOSHA Regulations, 29 CFR paragraphs 1910.1000 and 1910.1200 Available from U.S. Government Printing Office Superintendent of Documents, 732 N. Capitol St., NW, Mail Stop: SDE, Washington, DC 20401, http://www.access.gpo.gov.
ICS Number Code 71.080.15 (Aromatic hydrocarbons)
UNSPSC Code 12352005(Aromatic or heterocyclic compounds)
ASTM D4492-10, Standard Test Method for Analysis of Benzene by Gas Chromatography, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2010, www.astm.orgBack to Top