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Significance and Use
5.1 Vinyl chloride-containing polymers are widely used to package a variety of materials, including foods.
5.2 Vinyl chloride monomer has been shown to be a human carcinogen. Threshold toxicity value has not been established.
5.3 Plastic manufacturers, food packagers, government agencies, etc. have a need to know the residual vinyl chloride monomer content of vinyl chloride-containing polymers.
1.1 This test method is suitable for determining the residual vinyl chloride monomer (RVM) content of homopolymer and copolymers of vinyl chloride down to a level of ∼5 ppb.
1.2 This test method is applicable to any polymer form, such as resin, compound, film, bottle wall, etc. that can be dissolved in a suitable solvent.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
ISO StandardISO 6401 Plastics--Homopolymer and Copolymer Resins of Vinyl Chloride--Determination of Residual Vinyl Chloride Monomer--Gas Chromatographic Method Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.
OSHA Standard29 CFR 1919.1017 Vinyl Chloride Available from Superintendent of Documents, US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
ICS Number Code 83.080.20 (Thermoplastic materials)
UNSPSC Code 13102030(Polyvinyl Chloride PVC)
ASTM D4443-13, Standard Test Method for Determining Residual Vinyl Chloride Monomer Content in PPB Range in Vinyl Chloride Homo- and Co-Polymers by Headspace Gas Chromatography, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013, www.astm.orgBack to Top