ASTM D4396 - 06

    Standard Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Compounds for Plastic Pipe and Fittings Used in Nonpressure Applications

    Active Standard ASTM D4396 | Developed by Subcommittee: D20.15

    Book of Standards Volume: 08.02


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    Abstract

    This specification covers rigid plastic compounds intended for use in making nonpressure piping products composed of (1) poly(vinyl chloride) polymer, (2) chlorinated poly(vinyl chloride) polymer, or (3) vinyl chloride copolymers, and the necessary compound ingredients. The compounding ingredients may consist of lubricants; stabilizers; nonpoly(vinyl chloride) resin modifiers; colorants or pigments, or both; fibrous or nonfibrous reinforcements; or fillers. The requirements in this specification are intended for the quality control of compounds used to manufacture pipe or fittings intended for nonpressure use. Materials shall be classified according to cell limits: Cell Class 0; Cell Class 1; Cell Class 2; Cell Class 3; Cell Class 4; Cell Class 5; Cell Class 6; Cell Class 7; and Cell Class 8. Conditioning; test conditions; tensile strength and modulus of elasticity; deflection temperature; and impact resistance tests shall be performed to meet the requirements specified.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers rigid plastic compounds intended for use in making nonpressure piping products composed of (1) poly(vinyl chloride) polymer, (2) chlorinated poly(vinyl chloride) polymer, or (3) vinyl chloride copolymers, and the necessary compound ingredients. The compounding ingredients may consist of lubricants; stabilizers; non-poly(vinyl chloride) resin modifiers; colorants or pigments, or both; fibrous or nonfibrous reinforcements; or fillers.

    1.2 The requirements in this specification are intended for the quality control of compounds used to manufacture pipe or fittings intended for nonpressure use. They are not applicable to finished pipe and finished fittings. See the applicable ASTM standards or requirements for finished products.

    1.3 It may be necessary, in special cases, to select specific compounds for unusual piping applications that require consideration of other properties not covered in this specification, such as service temperature, sag resistance, special chemical resistance, weather resistance, bending forces, and electrical properties.

    1.4 Rigid PVC compounds for pressure applications are covered in Specification D 3915.

    1.5 Rigid PVC-type compounds for building applications other than piping are covered in Specification D 4216.

    1.6 Rigid PVC compounds for general purpose extrusion and molding use are covered in Specification D 1784.

    1.7 The rate of burning test, Test Method D 635, is used in this specification as a test for identification of certain properties of the compound.

    1.8 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in brackets are for information only.

    1.9 The text of this specification references notes and footnotes that provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of this specification.

    1.10 Rigid PVC and CPVC recycle plastics meeting the requirements of this specification may be used in some applications. Refer to the specific requirements in the Material and Manufacture Section of the applicable product standard.

    The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section , of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Note 1

    There are no ISO standards covering the primary subject matter of this specification.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D256 Test Methods for Determining the Izod Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastics

    D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing

    D635 Test Method for Rate of Burning and/or Extent and Time of Burning of Plastics in a Horizontal Position

    D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics

    D648 Test Method for Deflection Temperature of Plastics Under Flexural Load in the Edgewise Position

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics

    D1784 Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Compounds and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Compounds

    D1898 Practice for Sampling of Plastics

    D3010 Practice for Preparing Compression-Molded Test Sample Plaques of Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Compounds

    D3892 Practice for Packaging/Packing of Plastics

    D3915 Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Compounds for Plastic Pipe and Fittings Used in Pressure Applications

    D4216 Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) and Related PVC and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Building Products Compounds

    D5260 Classification for Chemical Resistance of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Homopolymer and Copolymer Compounds and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Compounds

    F412 Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 23.040.20 (Plastic pipes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 13102030(Polyvinyl Chloride PVC)


    DOI: 10.1520/D4396-06

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