ASTM D4395 - 08

    Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using Flexible Plate Loading Method

    Active Standard ASTM D4395 | Developed by Subcommittee: D18.12

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.08


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    Significance and Use

    Results of this type of test method are used to predict displacements in rock mass caused by loads from a structure or from underground construction. It is one of several tests that should be performed. The resulting in situ modulus is commonly less than the elastic modulus determined in the laboratory.

    The modulus is determined using an elastic solution for a uniformly distributed load (uniform stress) over a circular area acting on a semi-infinite elastic medium.

    This test method is normally performed at ambient temperature, but equipment can be modified or substituted for operations at other temperatures.

    Note 1—The quality of the result produced by this standard is dependent on the competence of the personnel performing it, and the suitability of the equipment and facilities used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Practice D 3740 are generally considered capable of competent and objective testing/sampling/inspection, etc. Users of this standard are cautioned that compliance with Practice D 3740 does not in itself assure reliable results. Reliable results depend on many factors; Practice D 3740 provides a means of evaluating some of those factors.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the preparation, equipment, test procedure, and data reduction for determining in situ modulus of deformation of a rock mass using the flexible plate loading method.

    1.2 This test method is designed to be conducted in an adit or small underground chamber; however, with suitable modifications it could be conducted at the surface.

    1.3 This test method is usually conducted parallel or perpendicular to the anticipated axis of thrust, as dictated by the design load.

    1.4 Time-dependent tests not covered by this standard can be performed but are to be reported in another standard.

    1.5 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D 6026.

    1.5.1 The method used to specifiy how data are collected, calculated, or recorded in this standard is not directly related to the accuracy to which the data can be applied in design or other uses, or both. How one applies the results obtained using this standard is beyond its scope.

    1.6 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.7 The references appended to this standard contain further information on this test method.

    1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific precaution statements, see Section 8.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids

    D2113 Practice for Rock Core Drilling and Sampling of Rock for Site Investigation

    D3740 Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction

    D4394 Test Method for Determining In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using Rigid Plate Loading Method

    D4403 Practice for Extensometers Used in Rock

    D4879 Guide for Geotechnical Mapping of Large Underground Openings in Rock

    D5079 Practices for Preserving and Transporting Rock Core Samples

    D5434 Guide for Field Logging of Subsurface Explorations of Soil and Rock

    D6026 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data

    D6032 Test Method for Determining Rock Quality Designation (RQD) of Rock Core


    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/D4395-08

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