Active Standard ASTM D4389 / D4389M | Developed by Subcommittee: D13.18
Book of Standards Volume: 07.01
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
This specification primarily covers glass fabrics woven from "E" electrical continuous glass fiber rovings that are intended primarily as a reinforcing material in laminated plastics for structural use. The basic designation for glass woven roving fabric is by mass per unit area and is given in grams per square metre. The roving shall be continuous filament fiber, free of any free alkali, such as sodium or potassium metal salts and foreign particles, dirt, and other impurities. For the given woven roving fabrics, the average fabric count, average size-free yarn numbers, filament diameter, average mass per unit area, and fabric length shall conform to the requirements specified. For woven roving fabrics, the roving designations, strand construction, and fabric width shall be agreed upon between the purchaser and the supplier. For the given woven roving fabrics, the weave type shall be plain weave. The woven roving fabric shall be generally uniform in quality and condition, clean, smooth, and free of foreign particles and defects detrimental to fabrication, appearance, or performance. Woven roving fabric shall be furnished in rolls and shall be wound on spiral tubes.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification primarily covers glass fabrics woven from “E” electrical continuous glass fiber rovings that are intended primarily as a reinforcing material in laminated plastics for structural use.
1.2 This specification specifies the terminology, definitions, general requirements, and physical requirements for woven roving glass fiber fabrics. This specification permits the application of sizing materials to the glass fiber roving during manufacture that helps facilitate weaving. When used as permitted in this specification, such materials are compatible with the resin matrix as specified in the contracting instrument.
Note 1—Sizing materials on glass fiber yarns, in most cases, are removed by various cleaning procedures as a first stage in preparing a finished fabric. When these yarn sizing materials are removed during a cleaning procedure, they need not be compatible with the subsequent resin matrix.
1.3 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.
Note 2—This specification is one of a series to provide a substitute for the following Military Specifications:
MIL-Y-1140H Yarn, Cord, Sleeving, Cloth, and Tape-Glass
MIL-C-9084C Cloth, Glass Finished for Resin Laminates
MIL-C-19663C Cloth, Glass, Woven Roving for Plastic Laminates
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles
D578 Specification for Glass Fiber Strands
D1776 Practice for Conditioning and Testing Textiles
D2408 Test Method for Finish Content of Woven Glass Fabric, Cleaned and After-Finished With Amino-Silane-Type Finishes, for Plastic Laminates
D2409 Test Method for Finish Content of Woven Glass Fabric, Cleaned and After-Finished With Vinyl-Silane Type Finishes, for Plastic Laminates
D2410 Test Method for Finish Content of Woven Glass Fabric, Cleaned and After-Finished With Chrome Complexes, for Plastic Laminates
D2660 Test Method for Finish Content of Woven Glass Fabric, Cleaned and After-Finished with Acrylic-Silane-Type Finishes, for Plastic Laminates
D3098 Test Method for Finish Content of Woven Glass Fabrics, Cleaned and After-Finished with Epoxy-Functionsl Silane Type Finishes for Plastic Laminates
D3773 Test Methods for Length of Woven Fabric
D3774 Test Method for Width of Textile Fabric
D3775 Test Method for Warp (End) and Filling (Pick) Count of Woven Fabrics
D3776 Test Methods for Mass Per Unit Area (Weight) of Fabric
D4029 Specification for Finished Woven Glass Fabrics
D4963 Test Method for Ignition Loss of Glass Strands and Fabrics
D7018 Terminology Relating to Glass Fiber and Its Products
ICS Number Code 59.100.10 (Textile glass materials)