ASTM D4381 / D4381M - 12

    Standard Test Method for Sand Content by Volume of Bentonitic Slurries

    Active Standard ASTM D4381 / D4381M | Developed by Subcommittee: D18.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.08


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method is used to determine the amount of sand by volume in bentonitic slurry. The significance of this test method mainly relates to bentonitic slurries used for concrete wall construction. The range of measurement is too limited for use in cement bentonite wall construction.

    Note 1The quality of the result produced by this standard depends on the competence of the personnel performing it and the suitability of the equipment and facilities being used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Practice D3740 are generally considered capable of competent and objective testing, sampling, inspection, etc. Users of this standard are cautioned that compliance with Practice D3740 does not in itself ensure reliable results. Reliable results depend on many factors; Practice D3740 provides a means of evaluating some of those factors.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the sand content of bentonitic slurries used in slurry construction techniques. This test method has been modified from API Recommended Practice 13B.

    1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. The SI units are given in brackets.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids

    D3740 Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction

    American Petroleum Institute (API) Standard

    APIRP13B Recommended Practice Standard Procedure for Testing Drilling Fluids Available from the American Petroleum Institute, 2101 L St., NW, Washington, DC 20037.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 93.020 (Earth works. Excavations. Foundation construction. Underground works)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11111804(Bentonite)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D4381_D4381M-12

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4381 / D4381M-12, Standard Test Method for Sand Content by Volume of Bentonitic Slurries, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012, www.astm.org

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