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This specification covers polyvinyl acetate or polyvinyl acetate copolymer resin emulsion adhesives suitable for use on wood, wood-based substrates, or plastic laminates. This does not cover the group of polyvinyl-based adhesives suitable for bonding flexible films. Adhesives are classified on the basis of water resistance at three performance levels, namely wet-use (Type 1), intermediate use (Type 2), and dry-use (Type 3). Adhesives shall conform to test requirements as performed under the following exposure conditions and treatments: dry shear at specified temperatures; two-cycle boil; 48-hour soak; humidity exposure; freeze-thaw stability; and storage life. Materials shall also adhere to physical properties such as density, nonvolatile matter, and pH.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers polyvinyl acetate or polyvinyl acetate copolymer resin emulsion adhesives suitable for use on wood, wood-based substrates, or plastic laminates. It does not cover the group of polyvinyl-based adhesives which are suitable for bonding flexible films.
1.2 The adhesives are classified at three performance levels in accordance with water-resistance as shown in and . See Section for a description of the expected exposure conditions for each class of adhesive. See for a classification of typical end products that are manufactured using adhesives at the three performance levels covered by this specification.
1.3 The following index is provided as a guide to the test methods portion of this specification:
Tests for Physical Properties
Tests for Adhesive Bond
Block Shear Strength, Compression
Plywood Shear Tests
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parenthesis are for information purposes only.
1.5 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Sections This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. and , of this specification:
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D905 Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading
D906 Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesives in Plywood Type Construction in Shear by Tension Loading
D907 Terminology of Adhesives
D1084 Test Methods for Viscosity of Adhesives
D1490 Test Method for Nonvolatile Content of Urea-Formaldehyde Resin Solutions
D1875 Test Method for Density of Adhesives in Fluid Form
D2556 Test Method for Apparent Viscosity of Adhesives Having Shear-Rate-Dependent Flow Properties Using Rotational Viscometry
E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines
E70 Test Method for pH of Aqueous Solutions With the Glass Electrode
E1953 Practice for Description of Thermal Analysis and Rheology Apparatus
UNSPSC Code 31201601(Chemical adhesives)
|Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)|
ASTM D4317-16, Standard Specification for Polyvinyl Acetate-Based Emulsion Adhesives, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.orgBack to Top