ASTM D4317 - 98(2011)

    Standard Specification for Polyvinyl Acetate-Based Emulsion Adhesives

    Active Standard ASTM D4317 | Developed by Subcommittee: D14.30

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.06


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    Abstract

    This specification covers polyvinyl acetate or polyvinyl acetate copolymer resin emulsion adhesives suitable for use on wood, wood-based substrates, or plastic laminates. This does not cover the group of polyvinyl-based adhesives suitable for bonding flexible films. Adhesives are classified on the basis of water resistance at three performance levels, namely wet-use (Type 1), intermediate use (Type 2), and dry-use (Type 3). Adhesives shall conform to test requirements as performed under the following exposure conditions and treatments: dry shear at specified temperatures; two-cycle boil; 48-hour soak; humidity exposure; freeze-thaw stability; and storage life. Materials shall also adhere to physical properties such as density, nonvolatile matter, and pH.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    Significance and Use

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers polyvinyl acetate or polyvinyl acetate copolymer resin emulsion adhesives suitable for use on wood, wood-based substrates, or plastic laminates. It does not cover the group of polyvinyl-based adhesives which are suitable for bonding flexible films.

    1.2 The adhesives are classified at three performance levels in accordance with water-resistance as shown in Table 1 and Table 2. See Section 5 for a description of the expected exposure conditions for each class of adhesive. See Table X1.1 for a classification of typical end products that are manufactured using adhesives at the three performance levels covered by this specification.

    1.3 The following index is provided as a guide to the test methods portion of this specification:


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D905 Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading

    D906 Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesives in Plywood Type Construction in Shear by Tension Loading

    D907 Terminology of Adhesives

    D1084 Test Methods for Viscosity of Adhesives

    D1490 Test Method for Nonvolatile Content of Urea-Formaldehyde Resin Solutions

    D1875 Test Method for Density of Adhesives in Fluid Form

    D2556 Test Method for Apparent Viscosity of Adhesives Having Shear-Rate-Dependent Flow Properties

    E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines

    E70 Test Method for pH of Aqueous Solutions With the Glass Electrode

    Federal Standards

    PPP-D-729 Drums, Shipping and Storage, Steel, 55 gal (208 L)

    Military Standard

    MIL-STD-129 Marking for Shipment and Storage


    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31201601(Chemical adhesives)


    DOI: 10.1520/D4317-98R11

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