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This specification establishes requirements for composition, physical properties, performance, and labeling of artists' oil, resin-oil, and alkyd paints. This specification covers pigments, vehicles, and additives. Requirements are included for pigment identification, lightfastness, consistency, and drying time. The different labelling requirements for artists' oil paints, resin-oil, and alkyd paints are presented in details. The quality assurance method for artists' oil paints and artists' resin-oil paints are presented in details. The quality assurance methods for artists' alkyd paints are presented. The lightfastness of the paints shall be tested to meet the requirements prescribed. Lightfastness categories shall be assign to meet the requirements prescribed.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
This specification establishes quality requirements and provides a basis for common understanding among producers, distributors, and users.
It is not intended that all paints meeting the requirements be identical nor of uniform excellence in all respects. Variations in manufacture, not covered by this specification, may cause some artists to prefer one brand over another, either of which may be acceptable under this specification.
1.1 This specification establishes requirements for composition, physical properties, performance, and labeling of artists' oil, resin-oil, and alkyd paints.
1.2 This specification covers pigments, vehicles, and additives. Requirements are included for pigment identification, lightfastness, consistency, and drying time.
1.3 Table 1 lists some pigments meeting the lightfastness requirements in this specification. In order to identify other pigments that meet these requirements, instructions are given for test specimen preparation. Test methods for determining relative lightfastness are referenced.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.5 This pertains only to the test method found in Section 8. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D79 Specification for Zinc Oxide Pigments
D185 Test Methods for Coarse Particles in Pigments
D387 Test Method for Color and Strength of Chromatic Pigments with a Mechanical Muller
D476 Classification for Dry Pigmentary Titanium Dioxide Products
D602 Specification for Barium Sulfate Pigments
D1133 Test Method for Kauri-Butanol Value of Hydrocarbon Solvents
D1210 Test Method for Fineness of Dispersion of Pigment-Vehicle Systems by Hegman-Type Gage
D1640 Test Methods for Drying, Curing, or Film Formation of Organic Coatings at Room Temperature
D1729 Practice for Visual Appraisal of Colors and Color Differences of Diffusely-Illuminated Opaque Materials
D2244 Practice for Calculation of Color Tolerances and Color Differences from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates
D2245 Test Method for Identification of Oils and Oil Acids in Solvent-Reducible Paints
D2369 Test Method for Volatile Content of Coatings
D2689 Practices for Testing Alkyd Resins
D4236 Practice for Labeling Art Materials for Chronic Health Hazards
D4303 Test Methods for Lightfastness of Colorants Used in Artists Materials
D4838 Test Method for Determining the Relative Tinting Strength of Chromatic Paints
D4941 Practice for Preparing Drawdowns of Artists Paste Paints
E284 Terminology of Appearance
ICS Number Code 87.040 (Paints and varnishes); 97.195 (Items of art and handicraft)
UNSPSC Code 31211500(Paints and primers)