Active Standard ASTM D4292 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.05
Book of Standards Volume: 05.02
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
Vibrated bulk density, VBD, is an indicator of calcined petroleum coke porosity, which affects its suitability for use in pitch-bonded carbon applications. (Warning—Vibrated bulk density for a sample of calcined petroleum coke is strongly dependent upon average particle size and particle size range. Bulk density tends to increase with decreasing coke size. A narrow particle size range for this test minimizes the possibility for variation due to skewing of the test sample toward either screen defining the sample. Particle size range tested should be agreed upon by the purchaser and supplier.)
Note 1—An example of the use of VBD to characterize coke for prebaked anodes for aluminum smelting is reported by Belitskus who found particles passing through a 0.59-mm opening, No. 30, sieve and retained on a 0.30-mm opening, No. 50, sieve to be preferred. Other popular ranges are particles passing through a 2.36-mm opening, No. 8, sieve and retained on a 1.17-mm opening, No. 16, sieve for the continuous Soderberg anode process and particles passing through a 6.68-mm opening sieve (equivalent to a 3-mesh Tyler Standard Series) and retained on a 3.33-mm opening, No. 6, sieve for graphite electrode manufacture.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of bulk density of a representative 2-kg sample of calcined petroleum coke, after vibration to increase compaction.
1.2 The procedure is limited to particles passing through a 6.68-mm opening sieve (equivalent to a 3-mesh Tyler Standard Series) and retained on a 0.21-mm opening sieve (equivalent to a 65-mesh Tyler Standard Series). Further, the procedure is limited to a specific test sample having particles retained between screens having openings that differ by a factor of less than 2 and preferably less than 2.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D346 Practice for Collection and Preparation of Coke Samples for Laboratory Analysis
D2013 Practice for Preparing Coal Samples for Analysis
D2234/D2234M Practice for Collection of a Gross Sample of Coal
D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D5709 Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Petroleum Coke
D6969 Practice for Preparation of Calcined Petroleum Coke Samples for Analysis
D6970 Practice for Collection of Calcined Petroleum Coke Samples for Analysis
E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves
ICS Number Code 75.160.10 (Solid fuels)