ASTM D4275 - 09

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Butylated Hydroxy Toluene (BHT) in Polymers of Ethylene and Ethylene–Vinyl Acetate (EVA) Copolymers By Gas Chromatography

    Active Standard ASTM D4275 | Developed by Subcommittee: D20.70

    Book of Standards Volume: 08.02


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    Significance and Use

    Separation and identification of stabilizers used in the manufacture of polyethylene are necessary in order to correlate performance properties with polymer composition.

    The BHT extraction procedure is made effective by the insolubility of the polymer sample in solvents generally used for gas chromatographic analysis.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method describes a procedure for the determination of butylated hydroxy toluene (BHT) (2,6-di-t-butyl-4-methyl-hydroxybenzene) in polymers of ethylene and ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymers by solvent extraction followed by gas chromatographic analysis. Detection of the compound is achieved by flame ionization, and quantitative analysis is obtained by use of internal or external standards, as described in Practices E 260, E 355, and E 594.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 9.

    Note 1—There is no known ISO equivalent for this test method.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D4968 Guide for Annual Review of Test Methods and Specifications for Plastics

    D7210 Practice for Extraction of Additives in Polyolefin Plastics

    E260 Practice for Packed Column Gas Chromatography

    E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships

    E594 Practice for Testing Flame Ionization Detectors Used in Gas or Supercritical Fluid Chromatography

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 83.080.20 (Thermoplastic materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 13111016(Polyethylene)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D4275-09

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4275-09, Standard Test Method for Determination of Butylated Hydroxy Toluene (BHT) in Polymers of Ethylene and Ethylene–Vinyl Acetate (EVA) Copolymers By Gas Chromatography, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2009, www.astm.org

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