Significance and Use
Alcohol ethoxylates and alkylphenol ethoxylates are important surfactants in household and industrial cleaners. They may be used as either nonionic surfactants or sulfated and used as anionic surfactants. Careful control of the ethoxylate characteristics is desired as variations may result in either desirable or undesirable end-use properties.
1.1 These test methods cover the various test methods used to evaluate those properties pertinent to the characterization of alcohol ethoxylates and alkylphenol ethoxylates with respect to suitability for desired uses.
1.2 The procedures for sampling and analysis appear in the following order:
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Material Safety Data Sheets are available for reagents and materials. Review them for hazards prior to usage. Specific hazard statements appear in Section 5 and Note 1 and Note 3.
26.1 This method describes a procedure for the determination of polyethylene glycols in ethoxylated detergent range alcohols that have ratios of ethoxy groups to alkyl groups of three or more.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D459 Terminology Relating to Soaps and Other Detergents
D482 Test Method for Ash from Petroleum Products
D1068 Test Methods for Iron in Water
D1172 Guide for pH of Aqueous Solutions of Soaps and Detergents
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D1209 Test Method for Color of Clear Liquids (Platinum-Cobalt Scale)
D1218 Test Method for Refractive Index and Refractive Dispersion of Hydrocarbon Liquids
D1613 Test Method for Acidity in Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates Used in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products
D1959 Test Method for Iodine Value of Drying Oils and Fatty Acids
D2024 Test Method for Cloud Point of Nonionic Surfactants
D2959 Test Method for Ethylene Oxide Content of Polyethoxylated Nonionic Surfactants
E180 Practice for Determining the Precision of ASTM Methods for Analysis and Testing of Industrial and Specialty Chemicals
E200 Practice for Preparation, Standardization, and Storage of Standard and Reagent Solutions for Chemical Analysis
E203 Test Method for Water Using Volumetric Karl Fischer Titration
E394 Test Method for Iron in Trace Quantities Using the 1,10-Phenanthroline Method
alcohol ethoxylates; alkylphenol ethoxylates; chemical analysis; Alcohol ethoxylates; Alkylphenol ethoxylates; Chemical analysis--chemicals; Detergent materials/systems--synthetic; Hydroxyl numbers;
ICS Number Code 71.080.60 (Alcohols. Ethers)
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Citing ASTM Standards
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