ASTM D4190 - 08

    Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Direct-Current Argon Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy

    Active Standard ASTM D4190 | Developed by Subcommittee: D19.05

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.01


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    Significance and Use

    This test method is useful for the determination of element concentrations in many natural waters. It has the capability for the simultaneous determination of up to 15 separate elements. High analysis sensitivity can be achieved for some elements, such as boron and vanadium.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of dissolved and total recoverable elements in water, which includes drinking water, lake water, river water, sea water, snow, and Type II reagent water by direct current plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (DCP).

    1.2 The information on precision and bias may not apply to other waters.

    1.3 This test method is applicable to the 15 elements listed in Annex A1 (Table A1.1) and covers the ranges in Table 1.

    1.4 This test method is not applicable to brines unless the sample matrix can be matched or the sample can be diluted by a factor of 200 up to 500 and still maintain the analyte concentration above the detection limit.

    1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    TABLE 1 Solutions for Analysis

    Element PSolutions for Analysis, μg/L
    1 2 3
    Al 50 100 190
    Be 50 5001000
    B 50 5001000
    Cd1000 50 500
    Cr 5001000 50
    Co 50 5001000
    Cu1000 50 500
    Fe 5001000 50
    Pb 500 2001000
    Mn 800 50 300
    Hg 5001000 200
    Ni 50 300 800
    Sr 600 50 300
    V 1000 50 400
    Zn 5001000 50


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1066 Practice for Sampling Steam

    D1129 Terminology Relating to Water

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D2777 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water

    D3370 Practices for Sampling Water from Closed Conduits

    D4841 Practice for Estimation of Holding Time for Water Samples Containing Organic and Inorganic Constituents

    D5810 Guide for Spiking into Aqueous Samples

    D5847 Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Water Analysis

    E1097 Guide for Direct Current Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry Analysis


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.060.50 (Examination of water for chemical substances)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D4190-08

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4190-08, Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Direct-Current Argon Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2008, www.astm.org

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