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This specification covers polypropylene materials, suitable for injection molding and extrusion, that include unreinforced polypropylene with natural color only, unfilled and unreinforced polypropylene, calcium carbonate filled polypropylene, glass reinforced polypropylene, polypropylene copolymers, and talc filled polypropylene. Polymers consist of homopolymer, copolymers, and elastomer compounded with or without the addition of impact modifiers (ethylene-propylene rubber, polyisobutylene rubber, and butyl rubber), colorants, stabilizers, lubricants, or reinforcements. Tests shall be conducted on each of the specimens to determine the required physical and mechanical properties of the materials. The specimens for the various materials shall conform to the following requirements: nominal flow rate; test specimen dimensions; tensile stress at yield; flexural modulus; Izod impact resistance; deflection temperature; and multiaxial impact ductile-brittle transition temperature.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
1.1 This specification covers polypropylene materials suitable for injection molding and extrusion. Polymers consist of homopolymer, copolymers, and elastomer compounded with or without the addition of impact modifiers (ethylene-propylene rubber, polyisobutylene rubber, and butyl rubber), colorants, stabilizers, lubricants, or reinforcements.
1.2 This specification allows for the use of those polypropylene materials that can be recycled, reconstituted, and reground, provided that: (1) the requirements as stated in this specification are met, and (2) the material has not been modified in any way to alter its conformance to food contact regulations or similar requirements. The proportions of recycled, reconstituted, and reground material used, as well as the nature and the amount of any contaminant, cannot be practically covered in this specification. It is the responsibility of the supplier and the buyer of recycled, reconstituted, and reground materials to ensure compliance. (See Guide D7209.)
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.
1.4 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 13, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C177 Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus
D149 Test Method for Dielectric Breakdown Voltage and Dielectric Strength of Solid Electrical Insulating Materials at Commercial Power Frequencies
D150 Test Methods for AC Loss Characteristics and Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Solid Electrical Insulation
D256 Test Methods for Determining the Izod Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastics
D257 Test Methods for DC Resistance or Conductance of Insulating Materials
D495 Test Method for High-Voltage, Low-Current, Dry Arc Resistance of Solid Electrical Insulation
D523 Test Method for Specular Gloss
D543 Practices for Evaluating the Resistance of Plastics to Chemical Reagents
D570 Test Method for Water Absorption of Plastics
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
D635 Test Method for Rate of Burning and/or Extent and Time of Burning of Plastics in a Horizontal Position
D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
D648 Test Method for Deflection Temperature of Plastics Under Flexural Load in the Edgewise Position
D695 Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Plastics
D696 Test Method for Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion of Plastics Between -30C and 30C with a Vitreous Silica Dilatometer
D732 Test Method for Shear Strength of Plastics by Punch Tool
D746 Test Method for Brittleness Temperature of Plastics and Elastomers by Impact
D785 Test Method for Rockwell Hardness of Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials
D790 Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials
D792 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D1238 Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer
D1435 Practice for Outdoor Weathering of Plastics
D1505 Test Method for Density of Plastics by the Density-Gradient Technique
D1525 Test Method for Vicat Softening Temperature of Plastics
D1531 Test Methods for Relative Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) and Dissipation Factor by Fluid Displacement Procedures
D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
D1822 Test Method for Tensile-Impact Energy to Break Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials
D2117 Test Methods for Carbon Black--Surface Area by Nitrogen Adsorption
D2240 Test Method for Rubber Property--Durometer Hardness
D2565 Practice for Xenon-Arc Exposure of Plastics Intended for Outdoor Applications
D2584 Test Method for Ignition Loss of Cured Reinforced Resins
D2863 Test Method for Measuring the Minimum Oxygen Concentration to Support Candle-Like Combustion of Plastics (Oxygen Index)
D2990 Test Methods for Tensile, Compressive, and Flexural Creep and Creep-Rupture of Plastics
D3012 Test Method for Thermal-Oxidative Stability of Polypropylene Using a Specimen Rotator Within an Oven
D3418 Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
D3641 Practice for Injection Molding Test Specimens of Thermoplastic Molding and Extrusion Materials
D3763 Test Method for High Speed Puncture Properties of Plastics Using Load and Displacement Sensors
D3801 Test Method for Measuring the Comparative Burning Characteristics of Solid Plastics in a Vertical Position
D3835 Test Method for Determination of Properties of Polymeric Materials by Means of a Capillary Rheometer
D3892 Practice for Packaging/Packing of Plastics
D4000 Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
D4329 Practice for Fluorescent Ultraviolet (UV) Lamp Apparatus Exposure of Plastics
D4364 Practice for Performing Outdoor Accelerated Weathering Tests of Plastics Using Concentrated Sunlight
D4805 Terminology for Plastics Standards
D4812 Test Method for Unnotched Cantilever Beam Impact Resistance of Plastics
D5279 Test Method for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties: In Torsion
D5420 Test Method for Impact Resistance of Flat, Rigid Plastic Specimen by Means of a Striker Impacted by a Falling Weight (Gardner Impact)
D5630 Test Method for Ash Content in Plastics
D5740 Guide for Writing Material Standards in the Classification Format
D5947 Test Methods for Physical Dimensions of Solid Plastics Specimens
D6110 Test Method for Determining the Charpy Impact Resistance of Notched Specimens of Plastics
D6290 Test Method for Color Determination of Plastic Pellets
D7209 Guide for Waste Reduction, Resource Recovery, and Use of Recycled Polymeric Materials and Products
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E313 Practice for Calculating Yellowness and Whiteness Indices from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates
E831 Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Solid Materials by Thermomechanical Analysis
Military StandardMIL-STD-105 Sampling Procedure and Tables for Inspection by Attributes Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, Bldg. 4 Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5094.
DOT StandardMVSS-302 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 302 Flammability of Interior Materials Available from U.S. Dept. of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Office of Public Affairs and Consumer Participation, 400 7th St., SW, Washington, DC 20590.
UL StandardUL94 Standard for Tests for Flammability of Plastic Materials for Parts in Devices and Appliances Available from Underwriters Laboratories (UL), 333 Pfingsten Rd., Northbrook, IL 60062-2096, http://www.ul.com.
ICS Number Code 83.080.20 (Thermoplastic materials)
UNSPSC Code 13101900(Thermoset plastics)