ASTM D4101 - 14

    Standard Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials

    Active Standard ASTM D4101 | Developed by Subcommittee: D20.15

    Book of Standards Volume: 08.02


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    Abstract

    This specification covers polypropylene materials, suitable for injection molding and extrusion, that include unreinforced polypropylene with natural color only, unfilled and unreinforced polypropylene, calcium carbonate filled polypropylene, glass reinforced polypropylene, polypropylene copolymers, and talc filled polypropylene. Polymers consist of homopolymer, copolymers, and elastomer compounded with or without the addition of impact modifiers (ethylene-propylene rubber, polyisobutylene rubber, and butyl rubber), colorants, stabilizers, lubricants, or reinforcements. Tests shall be conducted on each of the specimens to determine the required physical and mechanical properties of the materials. The specimens for the various materials shall conform to the following requirements: nominal flow rate; test specimen dimensions; tensile stress at yield; flexural modulus; Izod impact resistance; deflection temperature; and multiaxial impact ductile-brittle transition temperature.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers polypropylene materials suitable for injection molding and extrusion. Polymers consist of homopolymer, copolymers, and elastomer compounded with or without the addition of impact modifiers (ethylene-propylene rubber, polyisobutylene rubber, and butyl rubber), colorants, stabilizers, lubricants, or reinforcements.

    1.2 This specification allows for the use of those polypropylene materials that can be recycled, reconstituted, and reground, provided that: (1) the requirements as stated in this specification are met, and (2) the material has not been modified in any way to alter its conformance to food contact regulations or similar requirements. The proportions of recycled, reconstituted, and reground material used, as well as the nature and the amount of any contaminant, cannot be practically covered in this specification. It is the responsibility of the supplier and the buyer of recycled, reconstituted, and reground materials to ensure compliance. (See Guide D7209.)

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

    Note 1The properties included in this specification are those required to identify the compositions covered. There may be other requirements necessary to identify particular characteristics important to specific applications. These will be designated by using the suffixes given in Section 1.

    1.4 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 13, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    Note 2There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C177 Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus

    D149 Test Method for Dielectric Breakdown Voltage and Dielectric Strength of Solid Electrical Insulating Materials at Commercial Power Frequencies

    D150 Test Methods for AC Loss Characteristics and Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Solid Electrical Insulation

    D256 Test Methods for Determining the Izod Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastics

    D257 Test Methods for DC Resistance or Conductance of Insulating Materials

    D495 Test Method for High-Voltage, Low-Current, Dry Arc Resistance of Solid Electrical Insulation

    D523 Test Method for Specular Gloss

    D543 Practices for Evaluating the Resistance of Plastics to Chemical Reagents

    D570 Test Method for Water Absorption of Plastics

    D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing

    D635 Test Method for Rate of Burning and/or Extent and Time of Burning of Plastics in a Horizontal Position

    D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics

    D648 Test Method for Deflection Temperature of Plastics Under Flexural Load in the Edgewise Position

    D695 Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Plastics

    D696 Test Method for Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion of Plastics Between -30C and 30C with a Vitreous Silica Dilatometer

    D4812 Test Method for Unnotched Cantilever Beam Impact Resistance of Plastics

    D5279 Test Method for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties: In Torsion

    D5740 Guide for Writing Material Standards in the Classification Format

    D5947 Test Methods for Physical Dimensions of Solid Plastics Specimens

    D6110 Test Method for Determining the Charpy Impact Resistance of Notched Specimens of Plastics

    D6290 Test Method for Color Determination of Plastic Pellets

    D7209 Guide for Waste Reduction, Resource Recovery, and Use of Recycled Polymeric Materials and Products

    E831 Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Solid Materials by Thermomechanical Analysis


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 83.080.20 (Thermoplastic materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 13102022(Polypropylene PP)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D4101

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4101-14, Standard Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.org

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