Active Standard ASTM D4086 | Developed by Subcommittee: E12.11
Book of Standards Volume: 06.01
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
4.1 Metameric color matches result from the use of different colorants (pigments, dyes, and the like) in achieving the same color match. Usually, the purchaser requires that the color match be nonmetameric; this practice permits this requirement to be quickly tested in both field and laboratory. Where nonmetameric matches are not possible or practicable, for cost or other reasons, some limitation of metamerism may be required. The procedures for estimating the magnitude of metamerism described in this practice provide methods for assessing the effectiveness of such limitation.
1.2 The practice is limited to the consideration of illuminant metamerism and observer metamerism. It is not designed to cover so-called geometric metamerism, in which members of specimen pairs change relative appearance as the angles of illumination and viewing are changed, for example, because they incorporate flake metal or pearlescent colorants.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D2616 Test Method for Evaluation of Visual Color Difference With a Gray Scale
E284 Terminology of Appearance
ICS Number Code 87.040 (Paints and varnishes)