ASTM D4060 - 10

    Standard Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by the Taber Abraser

    Active Standard ASTM D4060 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.23

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.01


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    Significance and Use

    Coating on substrates can be damaged by abrasion during manufacturing and service. This test method has been useful in evaluating the abrasion resistance of attached coatings. Ratings produced by this test method have correlated well with ratings produced by the falling abrasive values in Test Methods D968.

    For some materials, abrasion tests utilizing the Taber Abraser may be subject to variation due to changes in the abrasive characteristics of the wheel during testing. Depending on abradant type and test specimen, the wheel surface may change (that is, become clogged) due to the pick-up of coating or other materials from test specimens and must be refaced at more frequent intervals as agreed upon by the interested parties. To determine if more frequent refacing is required, plot the total weight loss every 50 cycles. If a significant negative change in slope is observed prior to 500 cycles, the point at which the slope changes determines the refacing frequency.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the resistance of organic coatings to abrasion produced by the Taber Abraser on coatings applied to a plane, rigid surface, such as a metal panel.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard, with the exception of mils when determining coating thickness. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.3 This standard is similar in content (but not technically equivalent) to ISO 77842.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D823 Practices for Producing Films of Uniform Thickness of Paint, Varnish, and Related Products on Test Panels

    D968 Test Methods for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by Falling Abrasive

    D1005 Test Method for Measurement of Dry-Film Thickness of Organic Coatings Using Micrometers

    D2240 Test Method for Rubber Property--Durometer Hardness

    D3924 Specification for Environment for Conditioning and Testing Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Materials

    D7091 Practice for Nondestructive Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Nonmagnetic Coatings Applied to Ferrous Metals and Nonmagnetic, Nonconductive Coatings Applied to Non-Ferrous Metals

    Other Standards

    ISO7784–2 Paints and varnishes--Determination of resistance to abrasion--Part 2: Rotating abrasive rubber wheel method Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 25.220.60 (Organic coatings)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 46181533(Protective coats)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D4060-10

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4060-10, Standard Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by the Taber Abraser, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2010, www.astm.org

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