ASTM D4046 - 14

    Standard Test Method for Alkyl Nitrate in Diesel Fuels by Spectrophotometry

    Active Standard ASTM D4046 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.02


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 In diesel fuel, the presence of alkyl nitrates such as amyl nitrate, hexyl nitrate, or octyl nitrate causes a higher residue value than observed in untreated fuel, which can lead to erroneous conclusions as to the coke forming propensity of the fuel. The presence of such alkyl nitrate in the fuel can be determined using this test method. This test method can be used to determine the amount of alkyl nitrate that has been added to diesel fuel to improve Cetane Number. The test method is applicable as a basis for judging compliance with specifications covering any alkyl nitrate.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers a procedure for the determination of 0.03 to 0.30 volume % of alkyl nitrate in diesel fuels.

    1.2 This test method can be used for the determination of any alkyl nitrate in diesel fuel provided that standards used for calibration contain the same alkyl nitrate ester as the test specimens to be analyzed.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 7.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15101505(Diesel fuel)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D4046-14

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4046-14, Standard Test Method for Alkyl Nitrate in Diesel Fuels by Spectrophotometry, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.org

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