ASTM D4042 - 93(2014)

    Standard Test Method for Sampling and Testing for Ash and Total Iron in Steel Mill Dispersions of Rolling Oils

    Active Standard ASTM D4042 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.L0.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.02


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 The life cycle and cleanliness of a recirculating steel mill rolling oil dispersion is affected by the amount of iron present. This iron consists mainly of iron from acid pickling residues and iron from attrition of the steel sheet or rolls during cold rolling. In sampling rolling oils for total iron it is difficult to prevent adherence of iron containing sludge to the sample container. Thus, the accuracy of a total iron determination from an aliquot sample is suspect. This practice provides a means for ensuring that all iron contained in a sample is included in the analysis.

    4.2 Although less significant, the ash content is still an essential part of the procedure for obtaining a total iron analysis. Generally, the ash will be mostly iron, and in many cases, could be used as a substitute for total iron in determining when to change the dispersion.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method describes a procedure for sampling and testing dispersions of rolling oils in water from operating steel rolling mills for determination of ash and total iron content. Its purpose is to provide a test method such that a representative sample may be taken and phenomenon such as iron separation, fat-emulsion separation, and so forth, do not contribute to analytical error in determination of ash and total iron.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see Sections 6 and 7.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D482 Test Method for Ash from Petroleum Products

    D1068 Test Methods for Iron in Water

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D2795 Test Methods for Analysis of Coal and Coke Ash

    E50 Practices for Apparatus, Reagents, and Safety Considerations for Chemical Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    E832 Specification for Laboratory Filter Papers


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15120000(Lubricants and oils and greases and anti)


    DOI: 10.1520/D4042-93R14

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