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This specification covers finished fabrics woven from "E" electrical glass fiber yarns that are intended as a reinforcing material in laminated plastics for structural use. This specification can also be applied to fabrics made of other glass types. This specification permits the application of sizing materials to the glass fiber yarn during manufacture that helps facilitate weaving. These organic materials are typically removed from the greige gabric and replaced with a finish that is compatible with a specified resin matrix. The materials shall meet the required fabric count, yarn designations, yarn number, filament diameter, strand construction, twist direction, twist level, fabric weave type, mass per unit area, thickness, breaking strength, width, length, ignition loss, finish level, and appearance.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
1.1 This specification covers finished fabrics woven from “E” electrical glass fiber yarns that are intended as a reinforcing material in laminated plastics for structural use. This specification can also be applied to fabrics made of other glass types as agreed upon between the purchaser and the supplier.
1.2 This specification specifies the terminology, definitions, general requirements, and physical requirements for finished woven glass fabrics This specification permits the application of sizing materials to the glass fiber yarn during manufacture that helps facilitate weaving. These organic materials are typically removed from the greige fabric and replaced with a finish that is compatible with the resin matrix specified in the contracting document
Note 1—Sizing materials on glass fiber yarns, in most cases, are removed by various cleaning procedures as a first stage in preparing a finished fabric. When these yarn sizing materials are removed during a cleaning procedure they need not be compatible with the subsequent resin matrix.
1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.4 This specification is one of a series to provide a substitute for Military Specifications: MIL-Y-1140 Yarn, Cord, Sleeving, Cloth, and Tape-Glass; and MIL-C-9084 Cloth, Glass Finished for Resin Laminates.
1.5 Additional ASTM specifications in this series have been drafted and appear in current editions of the Annual Book of ASTM Standards. These include greige glass fabrics, glass tapes, glass sleevings, glass cords, glass sewing threads, and finished laminates made from finished glass fabrics.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles
D578 Specification for Glass Fiber Strands
D1059 Test Method for Yarn Number Based on Short-Length Specimens
D1423 Test Method for Twist in Yarns by Direct-Counting
D1776 Practice for Conditioning and Testing Textiles
D1777 Test Method for Thickness of Textile Materials
D2408 Test Method for Finish Content of Woven Glass Fabric, Cleaned and After-Finished With Amino-Silane-Type Finishes, for Plastic Laminates
D2409 Test Method for Finish Content of Woven Glass Fabric, Cleaned and After-Finished With Vinyl-Silane Type Finishes, for Plastic Laminates
D2410 Test Method for Finish Content of Woven Glass Fabric, Cleaned and After-Finished With Chrome Complexes, for Plastic Laminates
D2660 Test Method for Finish Content of Woven Glass Fabric, Cleaned and After-Finished with Acrylic-Silane-Type Finishes, for Plastic Laminates
D3098 Test Method for Finish Content of Woven Glass Fabrics, Cleaned and After-Finished with Epoxy-Functionsl Silane Type Finishes for Plastic Laminates
D3773 Test Methods for Length of Woven Fabric
D3774 Test Method for Width of Textile Fabric
D3775 Test Method for Warp (End) and Filling (Pick) Count of Woven Fabrics
D3776 Test Methods for Mass Per Unit Area (Weight) of Fabric
D4963 Test Method for Ignition Loss of Glass Strands and Fabrics
D5035 Test Method for Breaking Force and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Strip Method)
D7018 Terminology Relating to Glass Fiber and Its Products
ANSI StandardANSI/ASQCZ1.4 Sampling Procedures for Inspection by Attributes Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.
Military Standard and SpecificationsMIL-C-9084C Cloth, Glass Finished for Resin Laminates
ICS Number Code 59.100.10 (Textile glass materials)
UNSPSC Code 11162105(Glass fabric or cloth)