ASTM D4017 - 02(2008)e1

    Standard Test Method for Water in Paints and Paint Materials by Karl Fischer Method

    Active Standard ASTM D4017 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.21

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.01


      Format Pages Price  
    PDF Version 8 $42.00   ADD TO CART
    Print Version 8 $42.00   ADD TO CART
    Standard + Redline PDF Bundle 16 $50.40   ADD TO CART


    Significance and Use

    Control of water content is often important in controlling the performance of paint and paint ingredients, and it is critical in controlling volatile organic compound (VOC) content.

    Paint materials are often insoluble in common Karl Fischer solvents such as methanol. Pyridine has been found to be a nearly universal solvent for these materials; however, the Karl Fischer reaction is too slow in that solvent at room temperature. To speed it up, 1-ethylpiperidine is added at 5 % as a buffer, or catalyst.

    For nonpyridine-based reagents, a number of different solvent systems are available to increase solubility and to minimize interferences from ketones and aldehydes.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method is applicable to all paints and paint materials, including resins, monomers, and solvents, with the exception of aldehydes and certain active metals, metal oxides, and metal hydroxides. While the evaluation was limited to pigmented products containing amounts of water in the 30 to 70 % range, there is reason to believe that higher and lower concentrations can be determined by this test method.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only..

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazard statements are given in Section 7.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D3960 Practice for Determining Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Content of Paints and Related Coatings

    E180 Practice for Determining the Precision of ASTM Methods for Analysis and Testing of Industrial and Specialty Chemicals

    E203 Test Method for Water Using Volumetric Karl Fischer Titration


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 87.040 (Paints and varnishes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31211500(Paints and primers)


    DOI: 10.1520/D4017-02R08E01

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    ASTM D4017

    Citing ASTM Standards
    Back to Top