ASTM D4000 - 13

    Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials

    Active Standard ASTM D4000 | Developed by Subcommittee: D20.94

    Book of Standards Volume: 08.02


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 The purpose of this classification system is to provide a method of adequately identifying plastic materials in order to give industry a system that can be used universally for plastic materials. It further provides a means for specifying these materials by the use of a simple line call-out designation.

    4.2 This classification system was developed to permit the addition of property values for future plastics.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This standard provides a classification system for tabulating the properties of unfilled, filled, and reinforced plastic materials suitable for processing into parts.

    Note 1The classification system serves many of the needs of industries using plastic materials. The standard is subject to revision as the need requires; therefore, the latest revision should always be used.

    1.2 The classification system and subsequent line call-out (specification) is intended to be a means of identifying plastic materials used in the fabrication of end items or parts. It is not intended for the selection of materials. Material selection should be made by those having expertise in the plastics field after careful consideration of the design and the performance required of the part, the environment to which it will be exposed, the fabrication process to be employed, the inherent properties of the material not covered in this document, and the economic factors.

    1.3 This classification system is based on the premise that plastic materials can be arranged into broad generic families using basic properties to arrange the materials into groups, classes, and grades. A system is thus established which, together with values describing additional requirements, permits as complete a description as desired of the selected material.

    1.4 In all cases where the provisions of this classification system would conflict with the referenced ASTM specification for a particular material, the latter shall take precedence.

    Note 2When using this classification system the two-letter, three-digit suffix system applies.
    Note 3When a material is used to fabricate a part where the requirements are too specific for a broad material call-out, it is advisable for the user to consult the supplier to secure a call-out of the properties to suit the actual conditions to which the part is to be subjected.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D149 Test Method for Dielectric Breakdown Voltage and Dielectric Strength of Solid Electrical Insulating Materials at Commercial Power Frequencies

    D150 Test Methods for AC Loss Characteristics and Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Solid Electrical Insulation

    D256 Test Methods for Determining the Izod Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastics

    D257 Test Methods for DC Resistance or Conductance of Insulating Materials

    D395 Test Methods for Rubber Property--Compression Set

    D412 Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers--Tension

    D471 Test Method for Rubber Property--Effect of Liquids

    D495 Test Method for High-Voltage, Low-Current, Dry Arc Resistance of Solid Electrical Insulation

    D569 Method for Measuring the Flow Properties of Thermoplastic Molding Materials

    D570 Test Method for Water Absorption of Plastics

    D573 Test Method for Rubber--Deterioration in an Air Oven

    D575 Test Methods for Rubber Properties in Compression

    D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing

    D624 Test Method for Tear Strength of Conventional Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers

    D635 Test Method for Rate of Burning and/or Extent and Time of Burning of Plastics in a Horizontal Position

    D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics

    D648 Test Method for Deflection Temperature of Plastics Under Flexural Load in the Edgewise Position

    D695 Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Plastics

    D706 Classification System and Basis for Specifications for Cellulose Acetate Molding and Extrusion Compounds

    D707 Classification System and Basis for Specification for Cellulose Acetate Butyrate Molding and Extrusion Compounds

    D747 Test Method for Apparent Bending Modulus of Plastics by Means of a Cantilever Beam

    D785 Test Method for Rockwell Hardness of Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials

    D787 Specification for Ethyl Cellulose Molding and Extrusion Compounds

    D788 Classification System for Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) (PMMA) Molding and Extrusion Compounds

    D789 Test Methods for Determination of Solution Viscosities of Polyamide (PA)

    D790 Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials

    D792 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D955 Test Method of Measuring Shrinkage from Mold Dimensions of Thermoplastics

    D1003 Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics

    D1149 Test Methods for Rubber Deterioration--Cracking in an Ozone Controlled Environment

    D1203 Test Methods for Volatile Loss From Plastics Using Activated Carbon Methods

    D1238 Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer

    D1248 Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Extrusion Materials for Wire and Cable

    D1430 Classification System for Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE) Plastics

    D1434 Test Method for Determining Gas Permeability Characteristics of Plastic Film and Sheeting

    D1435 Practice for Outdoor Weathering of Plastics

    D1499 Practice for Filtered Open-Flame Carbon-Arc Exposures of Plastics

    D1505 Test Method for Density of Plastics by the Density-Gradient Technique

    D1525 Test Method for Vicat Softening Temperature of Plastics

    D1562 Classification System and Basis for Specification for Cellulose Acetate Propionate Molding and Extrusion Compounds

    D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics

    D1693 Test Method for Environmental Stress-Cracking of Ethylene Plastics

    D1784 Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Compounds and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Compounds

    D1822 Test Method for Tensile-Impact Energy to Break Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials

    D1929 Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics

    D2116 Specification for FEP-Fluorocarbon Molding and Extrusion Materials

    D2137 Test Methods for Rubber Property--Brittleness Point of Flexible Polymers and Coated Fabrics

    D2240 Test Method for Rubber Property--Durometer Hardness

    D2287 Specification for Nonrigid Vinyl Chloride Polymer and Copolymer Molding and Extrusion Compounds

    D2288 Test Method for Weight Loss of Plasticizers on Heating

    D2565 Practice for Xenon-Arc Exposure of Plastics Intended for Outdoor Applications

    D2583 Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Rigid Plastics by Means of a Barcol Impressor

    D2584 Test Method for Ignition Loss of Cured Reinforced Resins

    D2632 Test Method for Rubber Property--Resilience by Vertical Rebound

    D2843 Test Method for Density of Smoke from the Burning or Decomposition of Plastics

    D2863 Test Method for Measuring the Minimum Oxygen Concentration to Support Candle-Like Combustion of Plastics (Oxygen Index)

    D2951 Test Method for Resistance of Types III and IV Polyethylene Plastics to Thermal Stress-Cracking

    D3012 Test Method for Thermal-Oxidative Stability of Polypropylene Using a Specimen Rotator Within an Oven

    D3159 Specification for Modified ETFE-Fluoropolymer Molding and Extrusion Materials

    D3222 Specification for Unmodified Poly(Vinylidene Fluoride) (PVDF) Molding Extrusion and Coating Materials

    D3275 Classification System for E-CTFE-Fluoroplastic Molding, Extrusion, and Coating Materials

    D3307 Specification for Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA)-Fluorocarbon Resin Molding and Extrusion Materials

    D3350 Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and Fittings Materials

    D3418 Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

    D3638 Test Method for Comparative Tracking Index of Electrical Insulating Materials

    D3713 Test Method for Measuring Response of Solid Plastics to Ignition by a Small Flame

    D3763 Test Method for High Speed Puncture Properties of Plastics Using Load and Displacement Sensors

    D3801 Test Method for Measuring the Comparative Burning Characteristics of Solid Plastics in a Vertical Position

    D3892 Practice for Packaging/Packing of Plastics

    D3895 Test Method for Oxidative-Induction Time of Polyolefins by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

    D3915 Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Compounds for Plastic Pipe and Fittings Used in Pressure Applications

    D3935 Specification for Polycarbonate (PC) Unfilled and Reinforced Material

    D3965 Classification System and Basis for Specifications for Rigid Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Materials for Pipe and Fittings

    D3985 Test Method for Oxygen Gas Transmission Rate Through Plastic Film and Sheeting Using a Coulometric Sensor

    D4020 Specification for Ultra-High-Molecular-Weight Polyethylene Molding and Extrusion Materials

    D4066 Classification System for Nylon Injection and Extrusion Materials (PA)

    D4067 Classification System for and Basis for Specification for Reinforced and Filled Poly(Phenylene Sulfide) (PPS) Injection Molding and Extrusion Materials Using ASTM Methods

    D4101 Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials

    D4181 Classification for Acetal (POM) Molding and Extrusion Materials

    D4203 Specification for and Basis for Specifications for Styrene-Acrylonitrile (SAN) Injection and Extrusion Materials

    D4216 Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) and Related PVC and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Building Products Compounds

    D4329 Practice for Fluorescent UV Exposure of Plastics

    D4349 Classification System and Basis for Specification for Polyphenylene Ether (PPE) Materials

    D4364 Practice for Performing Outdoor Accelerated Weathering Tests of Plastics Using Concentrated Sunlight

    D4396 Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Compounds for Plastic Pipe and Fittings Used in Nonpressure Applications

    D4474 Classification System for Styrenic Thermoplastic Elastomer Injection Molding and Extrusion Materials (TES)

    D4507 Specification for Thermoplastic Polyester (TPES) Materials

    D4549 Classification System and Basis for Specification for Polystyrene and Rubber-Modified Polystyrene Molding and Extrusion Materials (PS)

    D4617 Classification System for Phenolic Compounds (PF)

    D4634 Classification System and Basis for Specification for Styrene-Maleic Anhydride Molding and Extrusion Materials (S/MA)

    D4673 Classification System for Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Plastics and Alloys Molding and Extrusion Materials

    D4745 Specification for Filled Compounds of Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Molding and Extrusion Materials

    D4804 Test Method for Determining the Flammability Characteristics of Nonrigid Solid Plastics

    D4812 Test Method for Unnotched Cantilever Beam Impact Resistance of Plastics

    D4894 Specification for Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Granular Molding and Ram Extrusion Materials

    D4895 Specification for Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Resin Produced From Dispersion

    D4976 Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Molding and Extrusion Materials

    D4986 Test Method for Horizontal Burning Characteristics of Cellular Polymeric Materials

    D5021 Specification for Thermoplastic Elastomer-Chlorinated Ethylene Alloy (TECEA)

    D5046 Classification for Fully Crosslinked Elastomeric Alloys (FCEAs)

    D5048 Test Method for Measuring the Comparative Burning Characteristics and Resistance to Burn-Through of Solid Plastics Using a 125-mm Flame

    D5132 Test Method for Horizontal Burning Rate of Polymeric Materials Used in Occupant Compartments of Motor Vehicles

    D5138 Classification System and Basis for Specification for Liquid Crystal Polymers Molding and Extrusion Materials (LCP)

    D5203 Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Molding and Extrusion Materials from Recycled Post-Consumer (HDPE) Sources

    D5204 Classification System for Polyamide-Imide (PAI) Molding and Extrusion Materials

    D5205 Classification System and Basis for Specification for Polyetherimide (PEI) Materials

    D5279 Test Method for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties: In Torsion

    D5336 Specification for Polyphthalamide (PPA) Injection Molding Materials

    D5420 Test Method for Impact Resistance of Flat, Rigid Plastic Specimen by Means of a Striker Impacted by a Falling Weight (Gardner Impact)

    D5476 Classification System for Thermoplastic Polyurethane Materials (TPU)

    D5575 Classification System for Copolymers of Vinylidene Fluoride (VDF) with Other Fluorinated Monomers

    D5593 Classification for Thermoplastic Elastomers--Olefinic (TEO)

    D5628 Test Method for Impact Resistance of Flat, Rigid Plastic Specimens by Means of a Falling Dart (Tup or Falling Mass)

    D5630 Test Method for Ash Content in Plastics

    D5676 Specification for Recycled Polystyrene Molding and Extrusion Materials

    D5857 Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials Using ISO Protocol and Methodology

    D5927 Classification System for Thermoplastic Polyester (TPES) Injection and Extrusion Materials Based on ISO Test Methods

    D5990 Classification System for Polyketone Injection Molding and Extrusion Materials (PK)

    D6314 Specification for Fluorocarbon Perfluoromethoxy (MFA) Resin Molding and Extrusion Materials

    D6338 Classification System for Highly Crosslinked Thermoplastic Vulcanizates (HCTPVs) Based on ASTM Standard Test Methods

    D6339 Classification System for and Basis for Specifications for Syndiotactic Polystyrene Molding and Extrusion (SPS)

    D6358 Classification System and Basis for Specification for Poly (Phenylene Sulfide) (PPS) Injection Molding and Extrusion Materials Using ISO Methods

    D6360 Practice for Enclosed Carbon-Arc Exposures of Plastics

    D6394 Specification for Sulfone Plastics (SP)

    D6778 Classification System and Basis for Specification for Polyoxymethylene Molding and Extrusion Materials (POM)

    D6779 Classification System for and Basis of Specification for Polyamide Molding and Extrusion Materials (PA)

    D6835 Classification System for Thermoplastic Elastomer-Ether-Ester Molding and Extrusion Materials (TEEE)

    D6869 Test Method for Coulometric and Volumetric Determination of Moisture in Plastics Using the Karl Fischer Reaction (the Reaction of Iodine with Water)

    D7209 Guide for Waste Reduction, Resource Recovery, and Use of Recycled Polymeric Materials and Products

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E84 Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials

    E96/E96M Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials

    E104 Practice for Maintaining Constant Relative Humidity by Means of Aqueous Solutions

    E119 Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials

    E162 Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source

    E662 Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials

    E1354 Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter

    F372 Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission Rate of Flexible Barrier Materials Using an Infrared Detection Technique

    Federal Standard

    DepartmentofTranspor Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 302


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 01.040.83 (Rubber and plastics industries (Vocabularies)); 83.080.01 (Plastics in general)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 13102000(Thermoplastic plastics)


    DOI: 10.1520/D4000-13

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