ASTM D3994 - 14

    Standard Performance Specification for Woven Swimwear Fabrics

    Active Standard ASTM D3994 | Developed by Subcommittee: D13.61

    Book of Standards Volume: 07.01


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Upon mutual agreement between the purchaser and the supplier, woven fabrics intended for this end use should meet all of the requirements listed in Table 1 of this specification.

    5.2 It is recognized that for purposes of fashion or aesthetics the ultimate consumer of articles made from these fabrics may find acceptable fabrics that do not conform to all of the requirements in Table 1. Therefore, one or more of the requirements listed in Table 1 may be modified by mutual agreement between the purchaser and the supplier.

    5.2.1 In such cases, any references to the specification shall specify that: “This fabric meets ASTM Specification D3994, except for the following characteristic(s).”

    5.3 Where no prepurchase agreement has been reached between the purchaser and the supplier, and in case of controversy, the requirements listed in Table 1 are intended to be used as a guide only. As noted in 5.2, ultimate consumer demands dictate varying performance parameters for any particular style of fabric.

    5.4 The significance and use of particular properties and test methods are discussed in the appropriate sections of the specified test methods.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This performance specification covers woven fabrics for use in men's, women's and children's swimwear, composed of any textile fiber or mixture of textile fibers.

    1.2 These requirements apply to the length and width directions for those properties where fabric direction is pertinent.

    1.3 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test method described in this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles

    D434 Test Method for Resistance to Slippage of Yarns in Woven Fabrics Using a Standard Seam

    D1424 Test Method for Tearing Strength of Fabrics by Falling-Pendulum (Elmendorf-Type) Apparatus

    D2261 Test Method for Tearing Strength of Fabrics by the Tongue (Single Rip) Procedure (Constant-Rate-of-Extension Tensile Testing Machine)

    D2622 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D2905 Practice for Statements on Number of Specimens for Textiles

    D5034 Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Grab Test)

    D7022 Terminology Relating to Apparel3


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 61.020 (Clothes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 53102800(Swimwear)


    DOI: 10.1520/D3994

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    ASTM D3994

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